Par MissGuillotine le 23 Novembre 2014 à 21:10
14 November 1522 –Death of Anne of France,eldest daughter of Louis XI of France and his second wife, Charlotte of Savoy
15 November 1498 – Birth of Eleanor of Austria also called Eleanor of Castile, was born an Archduchess of Austria and Infanta of Castile from the House of Habsburg, and subsequently became Queen consort of Portugal and of France. She also held the Duchy of Touraine as dower. She is called "Leonor" in Spanish and Portuguese and "Eléonore" or "Aliénor" in French.
16 November 1272 – Death of Henry III of England
17 November 1511 – Henry VIII of England concluded the Treaty of Westminster, a pledge of mutual aid against the French, with Ferdinand II of Aragon.
1558 –Death of Mary I.She was Queen of England and Ireland from July 1553 until her death. Her executions of Protestants caused her opponents to give her the sobriquet "Bloody Mary".She was the only child of Henry VIII and his first wife Catherine of Aragon who survived to adulthood. Her younger half-brother Edward VI (son of Henry and Jane Seymour) succeeded their father in 1547. When Edward became mortally ill in 1553, he attempted to remove Mary from the line of succession because of religious differences. On his death their first cousin once removed, Lady Jane Grey, was initially proclaimed queen. Mary assembled a force in East Anglia and successfully deposed Jane, who was ultimately beheaded. In 1554, Mary married Philip of Spain, becoming queen consort of Habsburg Spain on his accession in 1556.As the fourth crowned monarch of the Tudor dynasty, Mary is remembered for her restoration of Roman Catholicism after the short-lived Protestant reign of her half-brother. During her five-year reign, she had over 280 religious dissenters burned at the stake in the Marian persecutions. Her re-establishment of Roman Catholicism was reversed after her death in 1558 by her younger half-sister and successor Elizabeth I, daughter of Henry and Anne Boleyn.
1558 – Death of Reginald Pole, English cardinal .He was an English cardinal of the Roman Catholic Church and the last Roman Catholic Archbishop of Canterbury, holding the office during the Counter Reformation.
1558 – Elizabethan era begins: Queen Mary I of England dies and is succeeded by her half-sister Elizabeth I of England.
18 November 1494 – French King Charles VIII occupies Florence, Italy.
1590 – Death of George Talbot, 6th Earl of Shrewsbury, English commander and politician, Lord High Steward of Ireland
19 November 1563 – Birth of Robert Sidney, 1st Earl of Leicester, English politician
20 November 1407 – A truce between John the Fearless, Duke of Burgundy and Louis of Valois, Duke of Orléans is agreed upon under the auspices of John, Duke of Berry. Orléans would be assassinated three days later by Burgundy.
1437 –Death of Thomas Langley, English bishop
21 November 1495 – Birth of John Bale, English bishop and historian
22 November 1515 – Birth of Mary of Guise.She was queen of Scotland as the second spouse of King James V. She was the mother of Mary, Queen of Scots, and served as regent of Scotland in her daughter's name from 1554 to 1560. A native of Lorraine, she was a member of the powerful House of Guise, which played a prominent role in 16th-century French politics. Her main goal was a close alliance between the powerful French Catholic nation and small Scotland, which she wanted to be Catholic and independent of England. She failed and at her death the Protestants took control of Scotland. In evaluating her life, historian Rosalind K. Marshall says:"Sacrificing her own comfort, interests, and ultimately her life, Mary of Guise had fought a long, desperate, and, in the end, hopeless struggle to preserve Scotland as a pro-French, Roman Catholic nation for her daughter....Charming, highly intelligent, and hard-working, with a diplomatic manner and an ability to fight on regardless of hostility, disappointment, and ill health, Mary was never merely a pawn of the French king."
23 November 1499 – Pretender to the throne Perkin Warbeck is hanged for reportedly attempting to escape from the Tower of London. He had invaded England in 1497, claiming to be the lost son of King Edward IV of England.
1503 – Death of Margaret of York also by marriage known as Margaret of Burgundy – was Duchess of Burgundy as the third wife of Charles the Bold and acted as a protector of the Duchy after his death. She was a daughter of Richard Plantagenet, 3rd Duke of York, and Cecily Neville, and the sister of two Kings of England, Edward IV and Richard III. She was born at Fotheringhay Castle, Northamptonshire, England, and she died at Mechelen in the Low Countries.
1558 - Elizabeth I, left Hatfield and processed to London. The procession consisted of over a thousand people, and as it travelled through the counties of Hertfordshire and Middlesex, Elizabeth was cheered by crowds of people lining the streets.
1585 – Death of Thomas Tallis.He was an English composer who occupies a primary place in anthologies of English choral music, and is considered one of England's greatest composers.
1598 – Execution of Edward Squire, scrivener and sailor. He was hanged, drawn and quartered at Tyburn for treason after being accused of plotting in Seville to poison Elizabeth I and the Earl of Essex.
24 November 1420 – Birth of John Stafford, 1st Earl of Wiltshire, English knight and youngest son of Humphrey Stafford, 1st Duke of Buckingham. In 1461 he was made a Knight of the Bath.
1572 – Death of John Knox, Scottish pastor and theologian
25 November 1487 – Coronation of Elizabeth of York
Par MissGuillotine le 10 Novembre 2014 à 21:49
8 November 1541 – Archbishop Thomas Cranmer returned to Hampton Court Palace to interrogate Katherine Howard
1543 – Birth of Lettice Knollys, daughter of Sir Francis Knollys and Catherine Carey,mother to the courtiers Robert Devereux, 2nd Earl of Essex and Lady Penelope Rich, although via her marriage to Elizabeth I's favourite, Robert Dudley, Earl of Leicester, she incurred the Queen's unrelenting displeasure
1576 – Eighty Years' War: Pacification of Ghent – The States General of the Netherlands meet and unite to oppose Spanish occupation.
9 November 1208 – Death of Sancha of Castile, Queen of Aragon
1389 – Birth of Isabella of Valois
1494 – The Family de' Medici are expelled from Florence.
1518 – Catherine of Aragon gave birth to a daughter.
10 November 1480 – Birth of Bridget of York.She was the tenth child and seventh daughter of Edward IV of England and Queen Elizabeth Woodville.
1483 – Birth of Martin Luther, German monk and priest, leader of the Protestant Reformation
1520 – Danish King Christian II executes dozens of people in the Stockholm Bloodbath after a successful invasion of Sweden.
1565-Birth of Robert Devereux, 2nd Earl of Essex,son of Walter Devereux, 1st Earl of Essex, and Lettice Knollys. His maternal great-grandmother Mary Boleyn was a sister of Anne Boleyn, the mother of Queen Elizabeth I, making him a first-cousin-twice-removed of the Queen.He was an English nobleman and a favourite of Elizabeth I. Politically ambitious, and a committed general, he was placed under house arrest following a poor campaign in Ireland during the Nine Years' War in 1599. In 1601, he led an abortive coup d'état against the government and was executed for treason.
1580 – After a three-day siege, the English Army beheads over 600 Papal soldiers and civilians at Dún an Óir, Ireland.
11 November 1500 – Treaty of Granada – Louis XII of France and Ferdinand II of Aragon agree to divide the Kingdom of Naples between them.
1541 – Katherine Howard was moved to Syon House
12 November 1434 –Death of Louis III of Naples
1439 – Plymouth, England, becomes the first town incorporated by the English Parliament.
1532 – Henry VIII and Anne Boleyn finally left Calais
1547 – Birth of Claude of Valois.She was the second daughter of King Henry II of France and Catherine de' Medici.
1555 – The English Parliament re-establishes Catholicism.
1555 –Death of Stephen Gardiner, English bishop
1567 –Death of Anne de Montmorency, French soldier and diplomat
13 November 1312 – Birth of Edward III of England
1537 – Burial of Jane Seymour
1553 – Archbishop of Canterbury Thomas Cranmer and four others, including Lady Jane Grey, are accused of high treason and sentenced to death under Catholic Queen "Bloody" Mary I.
Par MissGuillotine le 4 Novembre 2014 à 22:14
05 November 1514 – Coronation of Mary Tudor
1530 – Death of Sir John More.He was a London lawyer and later judge, notable for being the father of Thomas More, Henry VIII's Lord Chancellor.
1605 - Gunpowder Plot; attempt to blow up King James I while he opened Parliament. Plot uncovered and leader Guy Fawkes tortured and later executed
06 November 1479 –Birth of Joanna of Castile, Queen of Castile and León.She was the sister of Catherine of Aragon and the mother of Emperor Charles V.Joanna married Philip the Handsome, who was crowned King of Castile in 1506, initiating the rule of the Habsburgs in Spain. After Philip's death that same year, Joanna was deemed mentally ill and was confined to a nunnery for the rest of her life. Though she remained the legal queen of Castile throughout this time, her father, Ferdinand II of Aragon, was regent until his death, when she inherited his kingdom as well. From 1517, her son, Charles, ruled as king, while she nominally remained co-monarch.
1514 – Mary Tudor, Queen of France, procession into Paris following her coronation
Par MissGuillotine le 2 Novembre 2014 à 13:17
30 October 1485 – Coronation of King Henry VII
31 October 1491 – Prince Henry (the future Henry VIII) was created Duke of York
1517 – Protestant Reformation: Martin Luther posts his 95 Theses on the door of the Castle Church in Wittenberg.
1537-Death of Lord Thomas Howard,courtier,he was a younger son of Thomas Howard, 2nd Duke of Norfolk by his second marriage to Agnes Tilney.He is chiefly known for his affair with Lady Margaret Douglas , the daughter of Henry VIII's sister, Margaret Tudor, for which he was imprisoned in the Tower, where he died on 31 October 1537. The affair is immortalized in verses by his nephew, the poet Earl of Surrey.
1 November 1456 – Death of Edmund Tudor, 1st Earl of Richmond.He was the father of Henry VII
1530-Cardinal Wolsey was arrested
2 November 1470-Birth of Edward V, son of Edward IV and Elizabeth Woodville.Edward V was King of England from his father Edward IV's death on 9 April 1483 until 26 June of the same year. He was never crowned, and his 86-day reign was dominated by the influence of his uncle and Lord Protector, Richard, Duke of Gloucester, who succeeded him as Richard III on 26 June 1483
1475 – Birth of Anne of York, Lady Howard,fifth daughter of Edward IV of England and Elizabeth Woodville
1483 – Death of Henry Stafford, 2nd Duke of Buckingham, English politician, Lord High Constable of England
He played a major role in King Richard III's rise and fall.He is also one of the primary suspects in the disappearance (and presumed murder) of the Princes in the Tower. Buckingham was related to the royal family of England in many different ways, but his connections were all through daughters of younger sons. His chances of inheriting the throne would have seemed remote, but he played the role of a 'kingmaker' for Richard III and, unsuccessfully, for Henry VII.
1541 – Thomas Cranmer left a letter for Henry VIII detailing Catherine Howard’s past
3 November 1428-Death of Thomas Montacute, 4th Earl of Salisbury, 6th and 3rd Baron Montacute, 5th Baron Monthermer, and Count of Perche,he was an English nobleman and one of the most important English commanders during the Hundred Years' War.
1492 – Peace of Etaples between Henry VII and Charles VIII.
The Peace of Etaples was signed in Étaples (northern France) between the kings Charles VIII Valois of France and Henry VII Tudor of England on 3 November 1492.The treaty served to end an English invasion of France launched in order to stop France's support for the pretender Perkin Warbeck. By this treaty, France agreed to expel Warbeck and pay England an indemnity of £159,000. The treaty was ratified in December.The terms of the treaty included the English accepting French control of Brittany, the French withdrawing their support for Warbeck and a war indemnity of 742,000 crowns, payable at 50,000 crowns per annum. This increased Henry VII's income by at least half.The treaty could be interpreted as a spectacular success, an English military incursion had forced the French to sue for peace, presenting it as 'the English are great again'. French abandonment of support for Warbeck removed one of Henry VII's key enemies. On the other hand, Henry VII had abandoned the Bretons and went back on the Treaty of Redon. However, this had already happened in 1491, and the benefits seemed to outweigh the costs. He did this whilst maintaining the Treaty of Medina del Campo (1489) with Spain.After 1492 a rapprochement between England and France occurred. This improvement continued until the end of Henry VII's reign.
1541- Queen Catherine Howard was confined in London Tower.
4 November 1448 – Birth of Alfonso II of Naples
1501 – Catherine of Aragon meet her future husband Arthur Tudor and his father for the first time at Dogsmersfield Palace in Hampshire
Par MissGuillotine le 28 Octobre 2014 à 21:44
26 October 1520 – Charles V is crowned.
27 October 1401 – Birth of Catherine of Valois
1524 – Italian Wars: The French troops lay siege to Pavia.
1553 – Condemned as a heretic, Michael Servetus is burned at the stake just outside Geneva.
28 October 1412 –Death of Margaret I of Denmark
1492 – Christopher Columbus discovered Cuba on his first voyage to the New World.
1510 –Birth of Francis Borgia, 4th Duke of Gandía, Spanish priest and saint, 3rd Superior General of the Society of Jesus
1571 – Death of William Parr, Marquess of Northampton,brother of Queen Catherine Parr
29 October 1422 – Charles VII of France becomes king in succession to his father Charles VI of France though he isn't officially crowned king until 1429.
1467 – Battle of Brustem: Charles the Bold defeats Liège.
1618 –Death of Walter Raleigh, English admiral, explorer, and politician, Lieutenant Governor of Jersey
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