On this day in Tudor history, 30th April...
30 April 1513-Execution of Edmund de la Pole, 3rd Duke of Suffolk
30 April 1527-Henry VIII and François I sign treaty of Westminster.
30 April 1532 - James Bainham was burned at Smithfield for heresy.
30 April 1536
The beginning of the end for Anne Boleyn
Henry and Anne visit to Calais was cancelled
Mark Smeaton (musician at the court of Henry VIII of England, in the household of Queen Anne Boleyn.)was arrested and interrogated by Cromwell
Anne: "Henry please.Henry please.For the love you bear our child for the love of Elizabeth have mercy"
Henry:"You lied me, you've always lied me"
Henry: "You were not a virgin when you married me. You are not what you seem.Your father and your brother arranged everything"
Anne: "No,I loved you, I loved you and I love you still. Please after all we have been to each other, after everything we were, please. One more chance, one more. Henry!! YOUR MAJESTY!! YOUR MAJESTY I BESEECH YOU!!!
Ah! Mark, what moan should I for thee make more,
Since that thy death thou hast deserved best,
Save only that mine eye is forced sore
With piteous plaint to moan thee with the rest?
A time thou hadst above thy poor degree,
The fall whereof thy friends may well bemoan:
A rotten twig upon so high a tree
Hath slipped thy hold, and thou art dead and gone.
Letter from Henry VIII to Gardiner
On St. Mark's Day last the French ambassador here resident came to the King at Greenwich, declared the receipt of certain letters from his master, and made overtures for an acceleration of the proposed league; viz., first, that the French king would bind himself to make no peace with the Emperor without comprehending England, and such articles as Henry should now devise to be inserted in this treaty; secondly, that if it should be proposed by mutual consent to make war in Flanders, he would bear the moiety of the charges on condition that the conquest, if any, should be equally divided; thirdly, that if the Emperor made war against France for the recovery of Savoy, or the French king proceeded in his enterprise for Milan, Henry should contribute with him 50,000 cr. a month for five, six, or seven months, the French king binding himself to defend England in all causes. The King made a general answer, that he had not been accustomed to be comprehended, but had been in every treaty wherein he was named a principal contrahent, and though he hoped neither of them would make peace without comprehension of such articles as should be mutually agreed to, he did not consider it for his honor to be only comprehended; secondly, that he would be pleased with the overture for Flanders if a clause were added that the French king should commence the war in such part thereof as Henry should appoint; thirdly, touching the contribution, "that we did not esteem 50,000 cr. a month for the time expressed towards the friendship of our good brother," but could give no resolute answer, leaving a special reply to be made by his ambassadors in France. The French ambassador strongly urged the settlement of the matter in England, offering, if the King were not satisfied, to ride home, to bring it to an end there. But the King did not think it for his own ambassadors' honor, who had been so long treating of this matter, to conclude without their advice, especially considering the uncertainty of the French proceedings, and the postscripts of his ambassador's last letters touching the rumors of a peace. Considering also the frivolous devices of the French, who alleged sometimes that they had no need to go to war except for Henry's sake, and sometimes pressed Henry to ask them to enter the war by other indirect and unfriendly means, the King said he would inform his ambassadors of those overtures, and his own mind touching them, which would be so reasonable that he doubted not it would be to Francis' satisfaction.
Instructs them, therefore, first, to ascertain by all possible means if any such peace be concluded, and if they find it be, to tell Francis that although they had received such answer to his ambassadors' credence as they believed would satisfy him, yet as they now understand that peace is certainly concluded, the matter is at an end, and it is their business to know of him what the conditions of the said peace are, and whether he has comprehended England. If they have any doubt about the peace being concluded, they shall, according to their former instructions, endeavour to learn it from the French king himself, still telling him that though they had a favorable answer to his overtures, they could not deliver it till they knew the certainty of that peace, but must rather ask him to tell them the conditions of it, and how England was included in it. If he shall earnestly declare that no such thing is done or intended, they shall then, "like men that before thought upon the grounds expressed in our last letters, which ye shall also declare unto him, that the rumor thereof was but feigned and false," proceed to answer according to certain articles sent herewith, but without acknowledging that any such articles were sent them, only stating that they are commanded in answer to what the French should demand, in case of the King making peace with the Emperor, to devise articles again "for their indemnity and comprehension." They shall then request the French to put their demands in writing, that they may consider them maturely, and avoid any inadvertencies such as appeared in one article in their last letters, viz., that Henry should defend the French in their possession of Milan, whenever they should happen to obtain it,—which would have bound the King to a perpetual war. This point was not touched in the ambassadors' overture. If they press it again, Gardiner shall meet them "with such requests for the same on our side," that they may be induced to come to reason. As the French have required in general words a comprehension of their allies in case England make peace, they are to note that the King will not be bound by such generality to comprehend the bishop of Rome. If the peace be not concluded they must keep the more aloof, and insist upon the delays of the French, who have only now made overtures instead of putting their articles into writing, and that the King thinks it derogatory to him to be comprehended. If the French propose indifferent conditions for their party and demand an answer, they shall, as of their own device, acting on the spirit of former instructions, exhibit to them the articles sent herewith. They are to give hopes of the King accepting the overture concerning the expending so much money again in the cause of England, as England shall defray in theirs; at the same time insisting that the present expenditure of the King's money is for them only. Sends copies of the treaty of Cambray, about certain articles in which a question has arisen in the Council whether the King is at liberty thus to contribute with the French king, and break his league with the Emperor. They are to consider this question themselves, and inform the King of their opinion, that if they think it would be a breach of the league with the Emperor to close with the French king's proposal, the King may devise some other way. Finally, as the French king's ambassador, in his request for a contribution, appeared to have some doubt whether it should be a subsidy for the war in which the French have already entered, or for future wars, although the King told him plainly that he would not be answerable for the past, signifies it to the ambassadors that they may not consent to any proposal involving aid to their wars already attempted in Savoy. Further, they are to add in the overture for Flanders, that the King shall be at liberty when the war begins to bear the moiety of the charges either in money or in men. Greenwich, 30 April.
30 April 1544 - Death of Thomas Audley, Baron Audley of Walden,Lord Chancellor of England from 1533 to 1544.
30 April 1547 - Sir Anthony Denny was made Groom of the Stool by Henry VIII
30 April 1555 - Bells wrung in London for the birth of Queen Mary's son, this proved false
30 April 1250-King Louis IX of France is ransomed. (On 6 April 1250 Louis lost his army at the Battle of Fariskur and was captured by the Egyptians.)
30 April 1290-Joan of Acre married Gilbert de Clare
30 April 1341-Death of Jean III,Duke of Brittany
30 April 1553-Birth of Louise of Lorraine, consort of Henry III of France
30 April 2014-1000 Likes on the facebook page THANK YOU!
Tags : tudors, anne boleyn, history, henry VIII, on this day
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