26 January 1340 - English king Edward III proclaimed king of France
1533 – Thomas Audley appointed as Lord Chancellor
1554 – Mary I summoned her sister Elizabeth to the court
1564 – The Council of Trent issues its conclusions in the Tridentinum, establishing a distinction between Roman Catholicism and Protestantism.
1567 – Death of Nicholas Wotton, English diplomat
24 January 1502 – Henry VII ratified the Treaty of Perpetual Peace
1536 – Henry VIII suffered a serious jousting accident.Henry, in full armour, was thrown from his horse, itself armoured, which then fell on top of him. He was unconscious for two hours and was thought at first to have been fatally injured.
25 January 1477 – Birth of Anne of Brittany
1494 – Alfonso II becomes King of Naples.
1494 – Death of Ferdinand I of Naples
1515 – Coronation of Francis I of France.
1533 –Secret Marriage of Henry VIII and Anne Boleyn
1554 - Sir Thomas Wyatt gathers an army in Kent, rebels against Queen Mary
23 January 1516 –Death of Ferdinand II of Aragon
1570 – James Stewart, 1st Earl of Moray, regent for the infant King James VI of Scotland, is assassinated by firearm, the first recorded instance of such.
1571 – The Royal Exchange opens in London.
1579 – The Union of Utrecht forms a Protestant republic in the Netherland
22 January 1506 - The first contingent of 150 Swiss Guards arrive at the Vatican.
1510 - Jews are expelled from Colmar Germany
1528 – Henry VIII and Francis I declared war on Charles V, Holy Roman Emperor
1552 – Execution of Edward Seymour
1554 – Thomas Wyatt the Younger joined friends at Allington Castle to discuss plans of resistance against Mary I and her decision to marry Philip of Spain.
1561 – Birth of Francis Bacon, Viscount St Alban,lord Chancellor
1575 - Elizabeth I granted Thomas Tallis and William Byrd a music press monopoly.
20 January 1410 – Death of Martin of Aragon
1479 – Death of John II of Aragon
1523 – Christian II is forced to abdicate as King of Denmark and Norway.
1554 – Birth of Sebastian of Portugal
1558 – Opening of Mary I’s fifth Parliament
21 January 1510 – Henry VIII opened his first Parliament
1535 – Following the Affair of the Placards, French Protestants are burned at the stake in front of the Cathedral of Notre-Dame de Paris
1542 - Parliament passes bill of attainder against Queen Katherine Howard
1556 – Death of Eustace Chapuys, imperial ambassador