Today in Tudor history...
04 June 1534 – Death of Sir Edward Guildford,English courtier and Lord Warden of the Cinque Ports and Marshal of Calais in 1519.
1534-The declaration of answer from the King and his Council to the princess Dowager concerning certain messages and reque[sts] made to the King's highness, as on her behalf, by Sir Edm[und] Bedyngfeld, knt., steward of her house, and William Tyrr[ell], gent. usher.
On Corpus Christi day we spoke with the princess Dowa[ger], Sir Edw. Chamberleyn being present, showing her “w[hen] we had our message from her to the King as by mouth [declared], that after our declaration to the King's highness and his Privy [Council] we were commanded, to put it in writing, and so we did, de[siring] her Grace to hear the tenor and process of it.” To this she agreed, and Sir Edmund Bedyng[feld told her] that the King and his Council were much surprised at her declaration that she [was not] carnally known by prince Arthur, and could not believe she would persist in it, as it could not be esteemed material in law, besides the depositions and presumptions to the contrary. “To the w[hich she answered], I do greatly marvel that any wise, noble or learned men (having a conscience) will take upon them to judge or determine any such act to be done betwixt prince Arthur and me; and Almighty God knoweth (to whom nothing can be hid) they say untruly on me.” She protested before God that she [was brought] a true maid unto the King, and that neither for love of the King nor of her daughter, nor for honor or riches, would she damn her soul, adding: “And furthermore [whereas yo]w do declare prince Arthur to have sufficiency of age [I w]ill briefly declare unto you his age. He was 15 years [twenty-seven]e weeks and odd days when he died, for the cummyng [of the] King his father into this realm and his marriage [with qu]ene Elizabeth, and so then his birth and his de[ath wil]l profe my saying to be true. Also there were dy[vers] . . . . . women about me at that time that hath [showe]d the truth of their conscience in this matter . . . . . [of] them were Spaniards and the residue of th[em English]; and if any of them be living I doubt not [they wi]ll verify my saying.”
Further, Sir Edmund Bedingfeld told her “where she stikked for . . . . . and fervently in the sentence given at Rome,” all learned men considered it of no effect, and her own council affirmed the same, because it was delivered after the King's appeal to a General Council. Moreover, the bishop of [Rome] has no authority here in this r[ealm] to define the succession of princes. She replied that she would not discuss the laws of the realm, but would stand to the Pope's sentence, for in the beginning of this matter [the King was] content she should have a council of bishops, doctors and proctors of this realm.
Sir Edmund Bedyngfeld also said that where she desired to have her confessor, two chaplains, physician, potecary, two men, and those women that be now about her, as many as it shall please the King to appoint, and that they should take no oath except to the King, and to her and no other woman; “as in this request and desire your Grace must open more plainly your mind; for if it be your desire to have the persons above named to serve you and name you as [Queen], that in nowise can be agreed unto, for it should be prejud[icial] to the King's honor, dignity and laws; but to have [them] sworn unto the King as their prince and sovereign, and to [you] as dowager of prince Arthur and his loving sister, he migh[t] peraventure be the more facylye induced thereto.” She replied that her confessor, physician and potecary were her countrymen, who had continued with her many years and had taken much pains with her, as she was often diseased. But if they took any further oath than they has done to her she would never trust them again.
1536 - Jane Seymour proclaimed Queen
1550 - Robert Dudley married Amy Robsart