Today in Tudor History...
15 June 1215-King John meets with his Barons and signs Magna Carta at Runnymede
1330-Birth of Edward, the black prince, prince of Wales
1381-Wat Tyler, leader of English Peasants' Revolt is killed on Blackheath whilst meeting with King Richard II
1519 - Birth of Henry Fitzroy.He was the son of King Henry VIII of England and his mistress Elizabeth Blount
1520 – Pope Leo X threatens to excommunicate Martin Luther in papal bull Exsurge Domine.
Exsurge Domine (Latin Arise O Lord) is a papal bull issued on 15 June 1520 by Pope Leo X. It was written in response to the teachings of Martin Luther which opposed the views of the papacy. It censured forty one propositions extracted from Luther's 95 theses and subsequent writings, and threatened him with excommunication unless he recanted within a sixty day period commencing upon the publication of the bull in Saxony and its neighboring regions. Luther refused to recant and responded instead by composing polemical tracts lashing out at the papacy and by publicly burning a copy of the bull on 10 December 1520.
1536 - Henry VIII sent members of his council, led by Thomas Howard, 3rd Duke of Norfolk, to visit his daughter, the Lady Mary, and bully her into accepting her father as supreme head of the Church in England, and acknowledging that she was not the legitimate heir to the throne.
The Princess Mary's Submission.
Lady Mary to Henry VIII
1540-François I to Marillac
Mr. Wallop, the English ambassador, informed me yesterday of the taking of Mr. Cromwell, news which has been to me not only agreeable, but such as, for the Perfect amity I have always borne towards my good brother, I have thanked God for; praying you to present him the letters of credence I have written you (copy enclosed), and tell him from me that he has an occasion to thank God for having let him know the faults and malversations of such an unhappy person as Cromwell, who alone has been the cause of all the suspicions conceived against not only his friends, but his best servants. He shall know how much the getting rid of this wicked and unhappy instrument will tranquillise his Kingdom, to the common welfare of Church, nobles, and people. Norfolk will be able to remember what I said of it to him when he was last in France; to whom you shall first communicate this Fontainebleau, 15 June 1540.
1559 - Death of William Somer,court jester of Henry VIII of England
1567 - The Battle of Carberry Hill took place on the 15 June 1567, near Musselburgh, East Lothian, a few miles east of Edinburgh, Scotland, UK. A number of Scottish lords objected to the rule Mary, Queen of Scots after she had married the Earl of Bothwell, who was widely believed to have murdered her previous husband Lord Darnley. The Lords were intent to avenge Darnley's death. However, Bothwell escaped from the stand-off at Carberry while Queen Mary surrendered. Mary abdicated, escaped from prison, and was defeated at the battle of Langside. She went to exile in England while her supporters continued a civil war in Scotland.
1580 - Phillip II of Spain declares William the Silent to be an outlaw.