Today in Tudor History...
24 June 1441 - Eton College founded by Henry VI
1509 -The coronation of Henry VIII and Catherine of Aragon
"It was a grand affair: the king's passage was lined with tapestries and laid with fine cloth.Following the ceremony, there was a grand banquet in Westminster Hall. As Catherine wrote to her father, "our time is spent in continuous festival"
The account written by the chronicler Edward Hall:
The following day being a Sunday, and also Midsummer's Day, the noble prince with his queen left the palace for Westminster Abbey at the appointed hour. The barons of the Cinq Ports held canopies over the royal couple who trod on striped cloth of ray, which was immediately cut up by the crowd when they had entered the abbey. Inside, according to sacred tradition and ancient custom, his grace and the queen were anointed and crowned by the archbishop of Canterbury in the presence of other prelates of the realm and the nobility and a large number of civic dignitaries. The people were asked if they would take this most noble prince as their king and obey him. With great reverence, love and willingness they responded with the cry 'Yea, Yea'.
When the ceremony was finished, the lords spiritual and temporal paid homage to the king and, with the queen's permission, returned to Westminster Hall - each one beneath his canopy - where the lord marshal bearing his staff of office ushered all to their seats. Each noble and lord proceeded to his allotted place arranged earlier according to seniority. The nine-piece table being set with the king's estate seated on the right and the queen's estate on the left, the first course of the banquet was announced with a fanfare. At the sound the duke of Buckingham entered riding a huge charger covered with richly embroidered trappings, together with the lord steward mounted on a horse decked with cloth of gold. The two of them led in the banquet which was truly sumptuous, and as well as a great number of delicacies also included unusual heraldic devices and mottoes.
How can I describe the abundance of fine and delicate fare prepared for this magnificent and lordly feast, produced both abroad and in the many and various parts of this realm to which God has granted his bounty. Or indeed the exemplary execution of the service of the meal itself, the clean handling and distribution of the food and the efficient ordering of the courses, such that no person of any estate lacked for anything.
The following day the aforementioned defending team, lady Pallas's scholars, presented themselves before the king ready for the tourney. All on horseback and armed from head to foot they each had one side of their armor-skirts and horse-trappings made of white velvet embroidered with gold roses and other devices, and the other made of green velvet embroidered with gold pomegranates. On their headpieces each wore a plume of gold damask.
At the same time the other side rode in, the aforementioned eight knights fully armed and dressed, like their mounts, in green satin embroidered with fine golden bramble branches. Following them, blowing horns, came a number of men dressed as foresters or gamekeepers in green cloth, with caps and hose to match, who arranged a set like a park with white and green fencing around it. Inside this paddock were fallow deer and artificial trees, bushes, ferns, and so forth. Once set up before the queen the paddock gates were unlocked and the deer ran out into the palace grounds. Greyhounds were then let loose which killed the deer, the bodies of which were then presented to the queen and the assembled ladies by the above-mentioned knights.
Crocheman, who had brought in the golden lance the previous day, then declared that his knights were the servants of the goddess Diana and whilst they had been indulging in their pastime of hunting had received news that lady Pallas's knights had come into these parts to perform feats of arms. Thereupon they had left off the chase and come hither to encounter these nights and to fight with them for the love of the ladies.
He added that if lady Pallas's knights vanquished them or forced them to leave the field of battle then they would receive the deer that had been killed and the greyhounds that slew them. But if Diana's knights overpowers their opponents they were to be given the swords of those knights and nothing more.
Hearing this, the queen and her ladies asked the king for his advice on the matter. The king, thinking that perhaps there was some grudge between the two parties and believing that to grant the request might lead to some unpleasantness, decided not to consent to these terms. Instead, to defuse the situation, it was decided that both parties should fight the tourney but that only a limited number of strokes would be permitted.
This was done and the two sides then left the field. The jousts then came to an end and the prizes were awarded to each man according to his deserts.
Coronation of the King: Copies of warrants of various dates in May, June, July and August, 1 Hen. VIII., for stuff provided by the Great Wardrobe against the Coronation of the King and Queen, and for their use and that of the Princess of Castile about that time. Folios 170–3 mainly refer to stuff for the nine henchmen and their master, and the five footmen . Total for the King's coronation
Coronation of the Queen
contain warrants for stuff for gowns, coats, &c., for particular persons, viz.:—Lady Elizabeth Stafforde, Lady Anne Piercey, Lady Lysle, Dame Elizabeth Bolen, the Earl of Shrewsbury's daughter, "Lady Dona Agnes," Lady Scrope, Mistress Maubell Clyfforde, Lady Savayll, Lady Mary de Grauara, Lady Bryan, Lady Darell, Lady Peche, Kateryn Fortes, Mrs. Denys, Mrs. Botyller, Mrs. Weston, Mrs. Jirnyngham, Mrs. Brevs, Mrs. Stanap, Mrs. Odall; Mary de Salyns; two of the Queen's footmen; three of her chamberers; Dame Margaret Pole; Mrs. Redynge; Anne Luke, the King's nurse; my lord of Ormond and Sir Robert Poyntz; William Bulstrode and Roger Radclyffe; Alonso Desquirvell, and John de Quero; Robt. Hasilrig and Oliver Holand, yeoman ushers with the Queen; Giles Duwes and three of his fellows; Richard Big; Sir Robert Dymmok, champion; Ralph Jenet and four of his fellows of the Wardrobe; James Worsley and John Copynger of the Wardrobe of Robes; John Crochet, the King's armourer; Henry Pole; John Chaunte (or Chauntey) "le sage doctour"; Lady Eliz. Stafford, and seven other ladies and gentlewomen; Mrs. Mary Jernyngham; the Queen's stable; Sir Davy Owen, carver, and Ric. Hastynges, cup-bearer for the King; Alexander Thrognall, chief carver, Edward Jernyngham, chief cup-bearer, and John Varney, chief sewer for the Queen; Sir Thomas Lovell, Treasurer of Household, Sir Andrew Wyndesore, Keeper of the Great Wardrobe, my lord of Oxford, Great Chamberlain of England, the abbot of Westminster, and the Queen's Chancellor and Confessor.
Ff. 191b. and 192 are occupied with wages of skinners and other necessary expenses. Total (f. 192b.) for the Queen's coronation, 1,536l. 16s. 2½d.
At f. 193 begins the list of purchases of scarlet and red cloth from John Bounde, John Saxey and many other merchants, the totals (f. 196) being scarlet 1,641 yds., red cloth 2,040 yds., and the whole cost 1,307l. 11s. 3½d. F. 196b. contains the list of white and green woollen cloth (240 yds. of each) as purchased for 100 persons of the King's Bench and 60 of the Marshalsea "bearing tipped staves at the coronation." Total cost of silks, scarlet, red cloth and necessaries, 4,748l. 6s. 3d.
At f. 198 begins a list showing number of yards (of scarlet and red cloth, as appears by totals of each kind noted page by page) delivered to each of the following, viz.:—
The bp. of Canterbury, Chancellor, the bp. of Winchester, Privy Seal, the bp. of Durham, Secretary, my Lord Treasurer, the Master of the Rolls, the lord Herberd, King's Chamberlain, Sir David Owen, first carver, Ric. Hastynges, first cup-bearer, Sir Wm. Vampage, first sewer, Henry Wyott, Master of the Jewel House, William FitzWilliam, second cup-bearer, Sir Thomas West, second carver, Sir Andrew Wyndesore, Master of the Great Wardrobe. The King's Bench:—Sir Wm. Fyneux, Chief Justice, Robert Brudenell and Humphrey Conysby, justices. The "Comyn Place":—Sir Robert Redd, Chief Justice, Sir John Fyssher, John Butteler, and Wm. Greveld, justices. Barons of the Exchequer:—Sir Wm. Hoody, Chief Baron, Barth. Westby, Wm. Bollyng, John Aleyn. The King's serjeants:—Ric. Elyott, Lewis Pollard, John Ernley, King's attorney, Wm. Porter, Clerk of the Crown, Edward Lewkenour, gentleman usher.
The King's Household:—The Earl of Shrewsbury, steward, Sir Thomas Lovell, keeper of the Great Wardrobe of the Household, Sir Edward Ponynges, controller. Counting House: John Shurley, cofferer, Wm. Atlyff, Thomas Byrkes, John Miklowe, clerk controller, John Robyns, clerk of records, Edw. Welden, clerk cofferer, Thomas Darell, yeoman usher. Bakehouse: Ric. Guyll, serjeant, John Bartilmewe, clerk, John Downer, yeoman "for the mouth," Henry Freyne, yeoman furnour, John Skern, purveyor, Henry Perkyn, groom purveyor, Hugh Mathewe, yeoman garnetor. Pantry: Stephen Coope, serjeant, Edw. Addeley, yeoman for the mouth, Griffith Gwyn, groom for the mouth, Ric. Bendon, Wm. Busshe and Robert Rochester, yeomen of the Hall, John Knolles, yeoman "brewer," Ric. Carpenter, John Egleston and Robt. Johnson, grooms of the Hall, Thomas Blythe and Thos. Brampton, pages of the Hall. Cellar: Roger Mynors, serjeant, Thomas Bell, yeoman for the mouth, John Brent, groom for the mouth, Edw. Atwood, yeoman "brewer," Ralph Annesley and Thos. Parker, grooms at the bar, Hen. Hakker and Noel Loveday, pages, Alen Kyng, yeoman purveyor, Maurice Apparrey, yeoman for the bottles. Buttery: Wm. Hogeson and Wm. Bawdy, yeomen, Edw. ApJohn, John Gylmyn and John Saulkyll, grooms, Thomas Annesley and Ric. Parker, pages, Wm. Kerne, yeoman ale taker, Thomas Cooke groom ale taker, Wm. Bowman, groom ale taker. Pitcher House: Thomas Orme and George Vanhorn, yeomen, Wm. Depyng, John Parre and John Man, grooms, John Stanbanke and Thomas Peper, pages. Spicery: Nic. Hill, chief clerk, Nic. Uddelston, second clerk, John Mery, under-clerk, Wm. Herd, yeoman powderbeter. Confectionary: Ric. Babbam, serjeant, Robert Dowker, yeoman, John Wolbaston, groom, Wm. Towres, page. Wafery; Robert Lee, groom. Chaundry: John Ketilby, serjeant, John Symond, and Wm. Rutter, yeomen, Ric. Merston and Wm. Coterell, grooms, Robert Spurnell, page. Ewery: George Brocas, serjeant, Edm. Lovesey and Wm. Wymbysshe, yeomen, Roger Bedyll, yeoman for the Hall, Wm. Davy and John Edwardes, grooms, Thomas Pacheford and Thomas Wyldyng, pages. Laundry: Hugh Deane, yeoman, Robert Bryce, Thomas Morres and Thomas Judde, grooms, John Sutton and John Mylt, pages. Kitchen: Ant. Legh, chief clerk, Edw. Atclyff, 2nd clerk, John Cony, 3rd clerk, Thomas Barowe, master cook, John Case, yeoman for the mouth, Wm. Meryman, Pero and John Hunt, yeomen, Wm. Bolton and George Nelson, grooms, Robert Elys, yeoman for the Hall, Gilbert Alenson, Nic. Lenton, and James Dewam, yeomen, Wm. Beryman, groom of the Hall, Lancelot Clerk and Wm. Mayo, grooms. Larder: John Ricroft, serjeant, Wm. Blaknall, clerk, John Forster, yeoman for the mouth, John Gogh, yeoman usher, John Dale, yeoman of the larder, Richard Appulby, groom usher, Thomas Assheley, Robert Warner and James Michell, grooms, John Grove, page. Boiling House: Roger Elys, yeoman, Wm. Stephyns and Thomas Russell, grooms. Accatry: Brian Roche, serjeant, Gervas Buklond, clerk, Edm. Sherp, yeoman for the mouth, John Stratton, yeoman of the store, Wm. Honnyng, yeoman fisher, John Plome, yeoman butcher, Thomas Randolff and Robert Newman, yeomen, Thomas Raven, groom butcher, Robert Steyneford, groom, Ric. Cudd and Ric. Gybons, herds, James Huddylston, keeper of Creslowe, Wm. Atkynson, pig taker. Poultry: Thomas Ynglysshe, serjeant, Wm. Bonde, clerk, Wm. Burwell, Thos. Strode and Nic. Warde, yeomen purveyors, John Lylle, Thomas Shalford and John Botyll, grooms. Scaldinghouse: Wm. Thomson, yeoman, Ric. Hill, Rog. Kylward, Thos. Hervy, Rob. Lewesham, and John Proctour, grooms. Squyllary: John Sterkey, serjeant, Ric. Anyden, clerk, John Dey, yeoman for the King, John Spokesman, yeoman, John Lovedey, yeoman for the Hall, John Harreson, yeoman, Boyt Joys, James Skelton and Wm. Foly John, grooms. Saucery: Ric. Pyttour, serjeant, Ant. Neele, clerk, John Fulmer and John Congell, yeomen, Ralph Holyn, John Summan, Gilbert Borowe and Wm. Seynt, grooms. The Hall: Chr. Vyncent, John Stephyns, John Lytcote, John Gyttons and Morgan Holand, marshals, Wm. Lathebury, serjeant, Ric. Lee, clerk, Wm. Chace, Ric. Benson, John Hewett and Edw. Ouseley, yeomen, John Kyllyngworthe, John Parker, John Savell, John Henkyn and Robert Bowyngton, grooms, Robert Clerk and John Tirrill, pages. Porters: Thomas Fogg, serjeant, Evan ap Rice, Thomas Greves, John Lynsey, John Passey, Robert Maunger and Robert Thornhey, yeomen, Hugh Jeynyng and John Jely, grooms. Harbingers ("Harbegeours"): Thomas Mathewe, gentleman, Humphrey Wylede, Wm. Treswell, Thomas Ward and Ric. Twety, yeomen. Almonry ("Amnosnery"): Doctor Ednam, great almoner, Sir John Hawkesfeld, under-almoner, John Hether and Thomas Dey, yeomen, Ric Dyves and John Dey, grooms. Mr. Robert Yong, confessor of the Household, William Edwardes, surveyor for the King, Edward Otheney, sewer of the Hall, Wm. Fynall, John Segysmond and John Lloyd, sewers, Thomas Rider, surveyor for the Hall, Thomas Mangall, surveyor. Cart takers: John Ewdale, yeoman, and John Sherp, groom. Servitors of the Hall: Robert Whitlok, Thomas Dederygh, Edm. Sampson, Ric. Stylbarnd, John Gogh, Robert Colle, Robert Dyker, Henry Kyghley, Reynold Hylles, Maurice Kydowen, Simon Symms, Roland Roosse.
The Stable:—Wm. Pawne, avenor, Robert Turk and Ralph Damport, clerks of the Avery, George Lokekyn, clerk of the Stable, Robert Elyott, serjeant of the Carriage, Ric. Cameryngham, serjeant ferrour, John Nevell, yeoman of the Horse, Robert Bartram, surveyor of the Stable, Ric. Annesley, yeoman of the Stirrup, Walter Harper, yeoman of the Male, Wm. Gykyll, Wm. Hortop, Hen. Bryan and George Colbrond, yeomen purveyors, John Grene, yeoman garnettour, John Parrok, Thos. Wylson, Wm. Boldyn, yeomen ferrours, Wm. Style, yeoman saddler, Thomas Brewester, yeoman of the Chariots, John Cokkes and John Colyns, yeomen, Wm. Cobbe, Thos. Butler, Rob. à Legh, James Jakson, Ric. Merydewe, Edw. Smythe, John Rigmeyden, Rob. Gamell, John Ferrett, John Loksmythe, Edw. Ewstace, Thos. Seve, and Thos. Dawson, coursermen, Wm. Wood, Thomas Dale, Henry Webbe, Nic. Perwhite and John Williams, grooms of the hackneys, Ric. Grenewood, yeoman garnetor; John Broke, clerk of the market.
The King's Chapel:—Priests: Dr. Atwater, dean, Ric. Surlond, Roger Norton, John Kyte, John Coole, Wm. Toft, John Annes, John Fouler, gospeller. Gentlemen: Robert Feyrefax, Wm. Newark, John Sudburgh, Wm. Broun, Wm. Cornysshe, Edw. John, John Petwyn, Wm. Crane, John Weyver, John Penne, Robert Penne, Wm. Sturton, John Smythe, Thos. Sexton, John Fyssher, Henry Stevynson. Wm. Dobeney, Henry Prentyce and the serjeant of the Vestry. Epystelers: Robt. Hawkyns, John Buntyng, Nic. Hornclyff, Geoffrey Wryght, groom. Children: Wm. Colman, Wm. Maxe, Wm. Alderson, Hen. Merell, John Williams, Arthur Lovekyn, Nic. Ive, John Graunger, Edw. Coke, Henry Andrewe.
The Queen's Chamber:—The lord of Ormond. chamberlain, Sir Robert Poyntz, vice-chamberlain, Diego Fernando, confessor, Dr. Bekensall, almoner, Alex. Frognall and Edw. Knevett, carvers, Edw. Jernyngham, cup-bearer, Ric. Decons, secretary, George Bekonsall and John Verney, sewers, Roger Ratclyff, Wm. Bulstrode and Edw. Benstede, gentlemen ushers, Ant. Polen and John Moreton, sewers of the chamber, Hamnet Clegge, Thomas Morgon, Thomas Gardygan, Nic. Poyntz, Owen Holand and Edw. Skern, squires attendant, Wm. Pole, serjeant of arms. Yeomen ushers: Robert Hasilrygge and Oliver Holand, yeomen ushers; Ellis Hilton of the Robes, Wm. Hamerton of the Beds, Thomas Woodroff, Oliver Walcotes, John Fysshe, John Kyng, Thos. Burton, George Hamerton, Alonus Spanyard, John Verson, John Glyn, Ant. Lowe, Hugh Jenyns, Francis Phillipp. Grooms of the Chamber: Ric. Justice of the Robes, Henry Roper of the Beds, Wm. Kery, groom porter, Bart. Fryse, Ric. Ryle, Wm. Coke, Ralph Thomson. Pages of the Chamber: Ric. à Woode, page of the Chamber, Wm. Welsshe, John Wryght. Chaplains: Sir Peter Rodrygus, Sir Chr. Plommer; Sir John Swann, clerk of the Closet, Mr. John De Potycario, Griffith Richardes, clerk of the Signet, John de Scutea, the Queen's secretary for the Spanish tongue. Officers for the Queen: (Bakehouse) John Adams, groom for the mouth; (Pantry) Ric. Brampton, gentleman, Nic. Clyff, yeoman; (Cellar) Thos. Annesley, gentleman, John Dolman, yeoman, George Ducworthe, groom, Brian Annesley, yeoman of the bottles; (Buttery) Wm. Fytton, yeoman; (Ewery) John Awrey, gentleman, Ric. Amer, yeoman, George Wrey, groom; (Kitchen) John Case, master cook, Wm. Bryce and James Durham, yeomen, James Dale, groom; (Acatry) Thomas Tylley, yeoman purveyor; (Larder) Thomas Astley, groom; (Almoners) Ric. Hert, yeoman, Wm. Dawtre, groom. Ladies: Ladies Elizabeth and Anne Stafforde and Margaret Pole. Countesses: Of Oxenford, Surrey, Shrewsbury, Essex and Derbie. Baronesses: Ladies Anne Percy, Dona Agnes, Matravers, Burgevenny, Lysle, Elizabeth Boleyn, Lucye, the Earl of Shrewsbury's daughter, Scrope, Ferrers and Dacres of the South. Knights' wives: Lady Verney, Mrs. Mabel Clyfford, Lady Savile, Lady Bryan, Dona Maria de Gavara, Lady Darell, Lady Peche. Gentlewomen: Katerina Fortes, Mrs. Denys, Mrs. Butler, Mrs. Weston, Mrs. Jernyngham, Mrs. Brewce, Mrs. Stannop, Mrs. Odell.
The Queen's Stable:—Sir Thomas Tirrell, master of the horses, John Buntayn, avener, Ant. Carleton, clerk of the avery, John Atclyff, clerk of the stable, John Roodes, yeoman purveyor, John Custance, groom, Wm. Dame, yeoman ferrour, Piers Harreson, groom, John Palmer, and Ric. Redehede, saddlers, John Coope, yeoman of the stuff, John Broun, groom, John Bell, yeoman of the litter, Wm. Sugden, groom, John Harman, gentleman of the "chare," Humph. Swetyng, yeoman, John Broun, groom, Wm. Stephynson, page, Ric. Parker, yeoman of the "close chare," John Durraunt, groom, Piers Butler, page, Thomas Hopkyns, yeoman of the "chariot," John Tendryng, groom, Roger Burton, page, John Reynold, yeoman of the "stode." Palfreymen: Roger Curson, Wm. Kendall, Thomas Stubbys, Nic. Frensheman, John Taillour, Thos. Davell, Ric. Broke, Alex. Watmer, Thos. Amptell, Michael Keton, Dennis Irysshe, Hugh Lloid, Robt. Sutton, Thos. Dey, yeoman "granatour," Thos. Peke, groom. Sumptermen: Robert Dale, "pekman," Wm. Johnson for the bottles, John Stephynson and Thos. Balle for the beds, Humph. Salysbury for the robes, Thomas Benet for the closet, Wm. Kempe for the "seller," Thurston Prestlond for the "besage," and Henry Teylour and Peter Foxley, servants with the horses.
[The King's Chamber?:—] Sewers: Henry Pennago and Hen. Guylford. Gentlemen ushers daily waiters: Robert Knolles, John Whytyng, Ralph Egerton, Chr. Garnysshe. Gentlemen ushers quarter waiters: Henry Uvedall, Thomas Carmynowe, John Gifford, George Kene, Francis Barnard, Hen. Wentworthe, Thomas Ryder. Sewers of the Chamber: Francis Budd, Nic. Hyde, Thomas ap Rice, Walron Coghan. Yeomen ushers daily waiters and yeomen of the wardrobes: Ralph Jenett, Robert Russheton, John Grey, Richard Smythe, Wm. Cheyny. Messengers of the Chamber: John Gysell, Wm. Gentilman, Thos. Halley, Leonard Warcopp. Grooms of the Chamber: Wm. Compton, Wm. Thomas, John Sherp, Wm. Tyler, John Bigge, Walter Badham, Peter Malvesey, Wm. Dawborne, Robert Hert, John Pultney, John Lloid, Nic. Baker, Jenkin Vaghan, Chr. Rochester, Wm. Gower, Robert Litle, John Pate, James Worseley, Wm. Croughton, the King's hosier. Pages of the Chamber: Henry Kemyas, Massy Velyard, Peter Champyon, John Copenger, the Clerk of the Closet, Thomas Wobaston, Thomas Carvannell. Serjeants of arms: Robert Wesshyngton, Edw. Griffithe, Wm. Butler, Lyonel Crowford, Hugh Sterkey, John Roydon, Gilbert Mawdesley, James Conyers, John Hamerton, Maurice Butler, Hugh Chomley, Thomas Russhe, Thomas Twysaday, Robert Marleton, John Herper, Nic. Downes. Squires for the Body: Matthew Baker, Ant. Fetypace, Thomas Apar, Sir John Carewe. Sewers of the Chamber: Ant. Cotton, Master Mewtas, the French secretary, Alex. Staveley, as groomporter. Squires for the Body: Hugh Denys, Ric Weston, John Porth, keeper of books, Joscelyn Percy, Henry Reynold George Assheby, Wm. Salfford, Brian Tuke, John Millet. John Tryes, Ric. Alee. Dr. Chamber and Dr. Lacy, physicians, Henry Frowyk, Henry Cleyton. The Styll Shalmes: John Chamber, marshal, John Furneys, Thomas Spence, Thomas Grenyng, Thomas Mayow, John à Bys, Ric. Waren, Thomas Pegion, Bartram Brewer, minstrel; Wm. Altoftes, the King's surgeon. Officers of arms; Garter, Richmond and Norrey, kings, Somerset, herald. Pursuivants: Rougecrosse, Blewmantell, Caleys, Guynes, Hammes, Risebank, Berwyke, Mounteorgell, Kyldare. Wm. Norres, master of the King's hawks. "Sakbuddes and shalmes of the Prive Chamber": Johannes, William, Alexander, Edward; Georgius Bryghouse; Piers Crosbowmaker. Squyllary: John Baronby, groom, Wm. Rice and Lewes John, pages; John de Napulles, Thomas Whetley, Thomas de Sawsse, Wm. Jones; Piers Barbour; John Veyrye, the King's surgeon. John Smythe, groom of the Wardrobe, John Colynson, groom of the Leash. The King's trumpets: Mr. Peter, marshal of the Trumpets, Jaket, Franke, John de Cecill, Domynyk, Audryan, Christopher, John Broun, John Banke, John Hert, Thomas Wrethe, John Frere, John Scarlett, John Strett, Robert Wrethe. Bountaunce. Mr. Richard Rawson, clerk, Mr. James Denton, clerk. Henry Clyfford, esquire. Thomas Mynowrs, page of the Chamber. Sumptermen: Wm. Kevet, Ph. Franke, Thomas Elsey, Wm. Wilson, John Felton, John Halyday, Thomas Towres, Thomas Turnor, and John Wedir, grooms, Thomas Pygrym and Wm. Sawell, grooms of the chariot, Wm. Magotson and Ric. Kyme, pages, Wm. Rudhale, general attorney to the Queen, Mr. John Oxenbryge and Mr. Robert Fyssher, chaplains, Thomas Lucy, sewer, John Smythe, almoner, Francis Letyre, Peter Falconer, Patrick Falconer, Pety John Falconer, Hugh Falconer, Matthew Falconer. Stephen Jasper. Sir Robert Suthwell, knight, Sir John Cutte, knight, Mr. John Porthe, the King's solicitor, — Bellowse, clerk of the Council, Henry Smythe, controller of the Works, Phyppe, keeper of Merten the King's fool. Servants belonging to the Wardrobe: Laurence Gower, Ric. Ratclyff, Ric. Newton, Wm. Gisnam, Wm. Duffeld, Chr. Wentworth, John Pastrell, Robert Thomson, John Rynge.
"The abridgment of the precedent of the coronation" of, Henry VIII.and of Queen Catherine his wife."
Showing what Wardrobe stuff was required for dress and other purposes (described) on the eve and day (24 June) of the Coronation, the names of the "ladies and gentlewomen which shall ride after the Henchmen and after the `chares' in the Queen's livery of crimson velvet bordered as is appointed" (viz., 21 of the ladies, baronesses, knights' wives and gentlewomen named of the Queen's chamber in § 1), and the "rate and prices of liveries to be given at the Coronation," according to the rank and office of the recipients. With memorandum that this rate was appointed by the Countess of Richmond, Earls of Oxford and Shrewsbury, Lord Herbert and others of the Council, in the chamber of the said Countess.
1519 - Death of Lucrezia Borgia,daughter of Pope Alexander VI and Vannozza dei Cattanei. Sister of Cesare Borgia, Juan Borgia, and Gioffre Borgia.
1522 - Battle at La Bicocca: Emperor Karel V beats France
1523- Margaret to Henry VIII
Is much grieved at this mortal war between him and her son's realm. Without God's help and his, sees no remedy, for the noblemen are so abused by the lord Governor that they dare not undertake anything for the King's welfare or their own. If she might mediate with him, would take any pains. Hears from Surrey and Dacre that all Henry does is for the safety of his nephew, not from malice to the realm, and therefore beseeches him to do something for her sake, that it may be seen and known here that he will do something for her. As her son is under age, wishes he would consent to an abstinence of war till Michaelmas, that the councils of the two realms may meet for the purpose of peace, with a condition that if Albany come into the realm, and be not content therewith, it shall expire in twenty days; for none in this realm dare consent to any abstinence, unless he may break it when he chooses. If Henry grants this, and Albany breaks it, the breach will be seen not to be Henry's fault. It would be the greatest comfort to her if by her labor this business could be stopped.
1529-Campeggio to Salviati
On the evening of the 22nd, Dr. Stephen [Gardiner] and [Sir Francis] Brian arrived. Owing to this the courier has tarried till now.
The cardinal of York has showed me a letter in the Pope's own hand to himself and the King, containing credentials for me "respecting the premises and other public business." As I have received no letters from you, either by Dr. Stephen or by Thaddeus, who arrived with them, I have not known what answer to make up to the present time, except that I have no letters, though probably they are on the way, under direction to the legate Salviati; and that as to "the premises," which referred, as it seemed to me, only to these affairs of the King, I had nothing further to say to them than to confirm what I had so frequently told them, namely, that if the Pope had not done what they could have wished in reference to the brief and their other demands, this would not have occurred had the Pope been able to act with justice and honor. With regard to public affairs, I reminded them that they should continue their protection and defence of the Holy See, as they had done in the past, according to the hope and faith which the Pope reposed in his Majesty, especially in respect to this treaty of peace.
I understand that the French king desires the presence of the cardinal of York at this negotiation at Cambray, as also does this King, but not before the termination of this cause, for which they importune beyond measure. London, 24 June 1529.
1533 - Mary Tudor to Henry VIII
"Has been very sick "and ele ates" (ill at ease). Has been fain to send for Master Peter the physician, but is rather worse than better. Trusts shortly to come to London with her husband. Is sure, if she tarries here, that she will never "asperre the sekenys." Will be glad to see the King, as she has been a great while out of his sight, and hopes not to be so long again."
1533 - Birth of Robert Dudley, earl of Leicester
1534-John of Leyden Crowned King of Sion
1535 - Birth of Joan of Spain, queen consort of Portugal
1540 - Henry VIII commands Anne of Cleves, to leave the court.
1604 - Death of Edward de Vere, 17th Earl of Oxford, Lord Great Chamberlain of England