Today in Tudor History...
30 June 1422 – Battle of Arbedo between the duke of Milan and the Swiss cantons.
1470 – Birth of Charles VIII of France, King of France
1520 – Spanish conquistadors led by Hernán Cortés fight their way out of Tenochtitlan.
1521 – Spanish forces defeat a combined French and Navarrese army at the Battle of Noáin during the Spanish conquest of Iberian Navarre.
1536-Charles V. to Henry VIII.
Has been much pleased to hear of his prosperity and of the proposal he has made to Chapuys for a new treaty to make their amity indissoluble. This accords with what he has always hoped of their old alliance, and induces him to believe that when he knows of the Emperor's efforts to avoid the renewal of war in Christendom and the outrageous conduct of the king of France, who has provoked him to it by so many violations of treaties, he will be of opinion that Charles could not have done otherwise. Trusts Henry will declare himself on his side according to the treaties between them seeing
1537 - Execution of Lord Darcy 1st Baron Darcy of Darcy or of Temple Hurst,he was an English nobleman, the only son, and heir, of Sir William Darcy and his wife, Euphemia Langton, the daughter of Sir John Langton.Darcy was opposed to the Dissolution of the Monasteries and for his role in the Pilgrimage of Grace, was convicted of high treason for delivering up Pontefract Castle to the rebels.He was executed on Tower Hill
1541 - Henry VIII and Katherine Howard set off on their royal progress to the North.
Marillac to Francis I.
Everyone here knows that the King today commences his progress, which extends as far as York. He will not return to this town until the end of October; as appears by a memorandum of the places he will pass, the sojourn he will make there, and the provisions necessary,—an order rendered necessary by the company, which may number 4,000 or 5,000 horse, whereas ordinarily he takes only 1,000. As the thing is new, nothing else is talked of. More than 200 tents are carried, artillery is sent by sea and river to within 10 miles of York, and the great horses are taken as if it were a question of war; all because the King, during his reign, has never visited these places, where, for his first entry and for the danger of the daily rebellions, he wishes to be well accompanied by men of these parts in whom he has more trust.
Before his departure he has given order for the Tower to be cleared of prisoners, and, as he lately began by the execution of the countess of Salisbury, the lord Nevel, and others of whom Marillac wrote, such progress has since been made that in eight days all will be despatched, either by condemnation or absolution. Already lord Leonard de Grec, commonly called de Clydas, of the house of Osserter, allied to the greatest lords of England, and for five years this King's lieutenant in Ireland, on Saturday last, the 25th inst., was led to Westminster, and there, according to the old custom which is resumed, judged and condemned by the twelve men deputed to this judgment, and two days later beheaded in front of the Tower, in which he had been detained more than a year. Is told that his accusation was (1) that, being King's lieutenant in Ireland, he sent raiment and money to some rebels who were his relations; (2) that by his means a cordelier who was in prison for maintaining the Pope's authority escaped; and (3) that he defrauded the soldiers of their pay and so caused mutiny. The same day, was led to judgment a young lord called Dacre of the South, also allied with the greatest lords of England, and of 6,000 or 7,000 ducats income, who, for assembling armed men with the intention of seeking a park keeper whom they wished to slay, and slaying another in place of the man they were seeking, was condemned to be hanged, and yesterday was executed at the common gibbet of London, called Tyburn. His three companions suffered the like death, who were Mr. Mantel, one of this King's 50 gentlemen whom he calls his Pensioners, a controller of his customs, and one Reddyn, of a Kentish family; all three gentlemen of good house, aged 25 to 30, and much esteemed. The other seven or eight who were at this muster have been taken to be executed on the spot. For the other prisoners in the Tower, if it is not this week, it will be the next, like poor lord Lisle, deputy of Calais, the Master Porter, called Palmer, who was taken with Mr. Wallop, and the son of the late lord Montague, who is said to be in the same danger as the rest, although he is very young and innocent.
Although it is not spoken of, and there is as yet no clear evidence, those here seem to have something on their stomach difficult to digest. Upon diligent inquiry learns that the news from Germany scarcely pleases them, and that Winchester has taken leave of the Emperor and is returning. They are also very indignant that the lords of Ireland who had come in to them, when convoked to a Parliament there, have proved disobedient and revolted. What weighs more upon them is the alliance of Francis and the duke of Cleves, from which they doubt annoyance some day, because of the injury they did to Madame, his sister, who is repudiated. As they suspect all friendships of their neighbours and have no more trust in their intelligence with the Germans, it is probable that they will try to make their league closer with the Emperor, to make him forget the injury to him through his aunt queen Katharine, or else seek to make war between the Emperor and Francis, that they may be secure and sought by both sides. Since he has been here, has not seen so much appearance of it as these ten or twelve days, in which the Emperor's ambassador has been twice at Court, and things have been discussed which have given much thought to both sides, but they are kept very secret. Some say the question was the marriage of lady Mary, and Marillac believes there has been something about that, but the King's words to him before and the difficulty about legitimation, the Pope's authority and the reservation of the Crown to the young Prince of Wales, make it impossible to persuade any man of judgment here that they intend to give hope of succeeding to this realm to a stranger. Besides, duke Philip of Bavaria, to whom she was formeriy promised as illegitimate, lately sent a personage (fn. 13) to learn their determination, who received an answer rather putting him in hope of having her than refusing. The said lady Mary would not speak, apart, to the Emperor's ambassador when he was last at Court, although he went so far as to enter her chamber; for as he entered by one door she went out by another, and sent him word that she would not, for him, incur the displeasure of the King, her father, as formerly happened for the same cause. The ambassador was much displeased and returned quite confused. It was said that the Sieur Duprat was coming on the Emperor's part, but that is now not continued, and in few days the truth will be better known.
Seven or eight days ago, Norfolk left for his own house and afterwards to attend the King at Lincoln, where the writer intends to be, to see if anything will be said on the subject of his preceding letters in cipher, and to fulfil Francis's instructions.London, 30 June 1541.
The Peace of the Realm.
Circular letter to the justices of the peace, expressing surprise that notwithstanding “sundry advertisements lately made” to them to do their duties, things are not directed with any regard to the “good monitions” set forth for the advancement of justice. Warns them of the danger they incur by this negligence, and commands them to have special regard to the following points:—1. The King, having expelled the usurped power of the bishop of Rome, with all its branches and dependents, desires that privy maintainers of that papistical faction be tried out, as the most cankered and venomous worms in the commonwealth, enemies to God, and traitors. 2. Raisers and spreaders of bruits touching the King, his honour or surety, the state of the realm or the mutation of any law or custom, are to be punished. 3. Sturdy vagabonds and valiant beggars are to be punished according to the late statute, the neglect of which has bred no small inconvenience; and, to this end, the watches, which, by statute, are kept from Ascensiontide to Michaelmas, shall this year be continued until Hallowtide. Those who resist any watch or other officer are to be punished, [unlawful games suppressed, and every man encouraged to use the long bow as the law requires]. 4. The justices shall earnestly bend themselves to the advancement of justice between party and party, that good subjects may have the benefit of the laws and evil doers be punished.
The King trusts that this gentle admonition will stimulate them to atone for past remissness; but, if any neglect it, “the next advice shall be of so sharp a sort as shall bring with it a just punishment of those that shall be found offenders in this behalf.”
1548 - Emperor Charles V orders Catholics to become Lutherans
1551 - Dr. Wooton defends Princess Mary's commitment to Catholicism to the Council
1559 - King Henry II of France is seriously injured in a jousting match against Gabriel de Montgomery.