Today in Tudor History...
12 August 1480 – Battle of Otranto: Ottoman troops behead 800 Christians for refusing to convert to Islam; they are later honored in the Church.
1484 –Death of Pope Sixtus IV
1499 – First engagement of the Battle of Zonchio between Venetian and Ottoman fleets.
1503 – Birth of Christian III of Denmark
1566 – Birth of Isabella Clara Eugenia, wife of Albert VII, Archduke of Austria
1570 - Death of Lady Ursula Stafford , daughter of Margaret Pole, Countess of Salisbury, and wife of Henry Stafford, 10th Baron Stafford.
1624 – The president of Louis XIII of France's royal council is arrested, leaving Cardinal Richelieu in the role of the King's principal minister.1311 – Birth of Alfonso XI of Castile
13 August 1382 – Death of Eleanor of Aragon, Queen of Castile
1514 - Marriage of Princess Mary Tudor and King Louis XII by proxy at Greenwich Palace.
Notarial instrument stating that, 13 Aug. 1514, at the royal manor of Greenwich, present Henry VIII., Queen Katharine, the Abp. of Canterbury, Thomas postulate of York, the Dukes of Buckingham, Norfolk and Suffolk, the Bishops of Winchester and Durham, the Marquis of Dorset, the Earls of Shrewsbury, Surrey, Essex and Worcester, John de Selva and Thomas Bohier, appeared the Princess Mary and the Duke of Longueville, and after a Latin speech by the Archbishop and John de Selva, and the reading of the French King's letters patent by the Bp. of Durham, the Duke of Longueville, taking with his right the right hand of the Princess Mary, read the French King's words of espousal (recited) in French. Then the Princess, taking the right hand of the Duke of Longueville, read her part of the contract (recited) in the same tongue. Then the Duke of Longueville signed the schedule and delivered it for signature to the Princess Mary, who signed Marye; after which the Duke delivered the Princess a gold ring, which the Princess placed on the fourth finger of her right hand. Louis XII.'s commission recited (dated St. Germain en Laye 8 Aug. 1514). Attested by Robert Toneys and William Edwardis.The marriage contract of the Princess Mary with Loys duke of Longueville as proxy of Louis XII.
1516 – The Treaty of Noyon between France and Spain is signed. Francis I of France recognizes Charles's claim to Naples, and Charles V, Holy Roman Emperor, recognizes Francis's claim to Milan.
Mary Tudor to Louis XII
Received the letters written with his own hand and heard with great pleasure what the Duke of Longueville said on his behalf. Will love him as cordially as she can. Longueville will relate how all has been concluded. Ends: "de la main de votre humble compagne, MARIE."
1521 – After an extended siege, forces led by Spanish conquistador Hernán Cortés capture Tlatoani Cuauhtémoc and conquer the Aztec capital of Tenochtitlan.
1532 – Union of Brittany and France: The Duchy of Brittany is absorbed into the Kingdom of France.
1533-Chapuys to Charles V.
Instead of giving me an audience, as I wrote, on Sunday the 4th, the King sent a gentleman to me to say that as his physician and some others in the court had been taken by the sweat, he had been compelled to retire to a private house with none but those of his chamber ; but if our charge could only be explained to himself alone, we might have an interview with his Council, who would report to him. This we did, and found them in a house in a park 22 miles from London. They amused us with hunting. We found there only the bishop of Winchester, chief secretary, Cromwell, and the dean of the chapel. They told us that the King was sorry that he had not been able to give us audience, but made his account in taking us hunting and feasting us. We submitted our case touching the innovations with regard to the Staple of Calais, which had been shut, against the custom of the wool trade, asking if this was done by order of the King. Details particulars of the interview, and the reasons they used. Their answer was not final, as the King himself intended to reply by mouth, and Cromwell had undertaken to stay to conduct us to Court ; but as one of Norfolk's servants was come from Lyons he was forced to leave at midnight, telling us not to go to Court until we heard from him.
Following the track of which I wrote to you lately, and finding good opportunities to speak to Cromwell, who sought to converse with me, I proceeded to humour and flatter him, telling him that I often regretted that he had not come to the notice of his master when the Cardinal did ; for as his wit and ability were greater than the Cardinal's, there were a thousand occasions more than now for aggrandising himself, and he would have been a much greater man than the Cardinal, and his master's affairs would have been much better managed. I insisted much upon this, drawing the comparison between the past and the present, and that the King was very fortunate to have got such an excellent servant, considering especially the troubles of the times. Seeing by his face how extremely agreeable this was to him, I passed on to say that now was the time when he might do more service to his master than any man ; for since sentence had been given in favor of the Queen, as he confessed to me, there was no longer any hope of that, which some persons, reckoning without their host, had suggested to the King, his master, viz., that you and the Pope would consent to the divorce ; and it must be thought that the King, being a prince of so much sense and virtue, would not persist in this error, or stain with such an infamy his great gifts of grace and nature. I urged him therefore to persuade the King to return to the right path, which he could do with more credit and authority than any man, as he was now of the King's Council, and was not at the time when this cursed affair was invented ; that the chief hope the Queen had of redressing her affairs rested in him, and if she were restored he would find her a good mistress and better for his purpose than I could tell him. He thanked me much for what I said, assuring me that he and the rest of the Council are well disposed to your Majesty, and he added that he would do all good offices he could, and he hoped all would go well. He did not say, as he used to do, that you and the Queen would do well to consent, and judging from his words, with the long time the King has been away from the Lady, that he has begun to repent. He had told me before that he was to come in two days to London, and we should go hunting together, or wherever else it pleased me ; but as various despatches have arrived from France and Rome, he has not yet had leisure to keep his promise. I lay out all my threads to catch him, always keeping a watchful eye not to adventure myself too far, as I know not whom to trust.
In anticipation of the presumed repentance to which I have alluded, it is probable that, if the Pope refuse to hear the duke of Norfolk and other ambassadors until he have in his power the archbishop of Canterbury and others who have assisted in the sentence, this King will put water in the wine. He finds himself, it is said, in great perplexity from what has been done at Rome, and his Council is very much troubled both at having to send so many despatches to Rome, and also to obviate the censures which the Pope will promulgate ; for which purpose he has already once more projected (de nouveaul jectee) an appeal to the future Council. Another thing "le pacque bien en I'oreille," viz., the interview of the Pope and the king of France ; of which he was formerly very desirous, but now I am told he wishes to hinder it, fearing the Pope will win over the king of France.
The King, desiring peace or truce with the Scots, has granted the points demanded by them, of which I informed your Majesty lately ; and on this Beauvoys despatched one of his servants to the king of Scotland, who returned yesterday. I know not if he will have done anything. At the return of the French ambassador here resident and of Beauvoys, who immediately on the arrival of the said man went to Court, we shall know the truth. The said Scots, as the Scotch ambassador who last returned to France told the King, have not been well pleased at what the French and English kings have published, viz., that peace had been made between them and the English, as nothing had been concluded, and it did not look even probable. It seemed as if they wished to give the world to understand that the king of Scots was under the guidance of one or other of them ; which was enough to make the Scots draw back, whom they hold to be rather savage. "Et ce se paignist" (qu. ce Roy se plaignist?) to the said Ambassador that the Scots in the raids they had made in this kingdom had spread writings in defamation of himself and his subjects, accusing them of tyranny (les intitulant de enterannerie), infidelity, and schism. London, 13 Aug. 1533.
1535-Accusation of Treason.
Information against Sir Gilbarte Rouse, parson of Rouselynch, Worc., by Robt. Wensteley (elsewhere Westeley), laborer, and Harry Englesshe, husbandman, that about three-quarters of a year ago Rouse called the King and his Council "lowlers," on which they immediately informed Sir John Russel, justice of the peace.
The same persons, and Wm. Lenche, of Chirchlenche, say that Nic. Horewell and John Pole told them on Friday, 6 Aug., that Rouse said that the monks and others who were put to death at London were martyrs before God, and saints in Heaven.
ii. Answer of Rouse:—that Westeley told him that, at the market at Evesham, he had heard Cokesey, the under-sheriff, proclaim that tithes were not to be paid till the tiller had sowed his ground, found his house, and paid his debts, and other such regulations. To which he said that if the clergy were so dealt with, they were worse dealt with than Turks or Jews, and as evil as if they were heretics or "lowelers."
As to the second article, he says that within a week after putting the monks and others to death at London, Horewell spoke of it at the cross at Rouselenche; and Rouse said he thought them unfortunate and unwise for taking opinion against the King, and if their opinion had been for the Faith of God they had been martyrs.
iii. Beaudeley, 8 Aug. 27 Hen. VIII. Examination of Robt. Westeley, Henry Englesshe, and Wm. Lynche, the informers.
iv. Beaudeley, 11 Aug. 27 Hen. VIII. Examination of Nic. Horewell and John Pole as to the second article.
v. Beaudeley, 13 Aug. 27 Hen. VIII.
Declaration by Ric. Sheysby, Roger Hybbold, and seven other parishioners of Rouselenche, before the King's commissioners, that they have known Rouse as parson there for 20 years; that he is a good churchman, and they believe him to be a true man to the King, and that he spake no such words. Westeley is a light person and a picker of quarrels.
vi. Statement by Sir John Russell that on the Sunday before the Assumption, 25 Hen. VIII., Robt. Westby (sic) and Horwell laid information against Rouse. Charged him to be ready to testify the same when called upon, but, after hearing the parson's denial, and knowing of old grudge between the parties, respited the matter, and never heard more spoken of it till now of late.
1553 – Michael Servetus is arrested by John Calvin in Geneva, Switzerland as a heretic.
1584 – Birth of Theophilus Howard, 2nd Earl of Suffolk, English admiral and politician ,son of Thomas Howard, 1st Earl of Suffolk, by his second wife, Catherine Knyvet of Charlton