Today in Tudor History...
20 September 1378 – Cardinal Robert of Geneva, called by some the "Butcher of Cesena", is elected as Avignon Pope Clement VII, beginning the Papal schism.
1384 –Death of Louis I, Duke of Anjou
1486 – Birth of Arthur, Prince of Wales.Arthur Tudor was Prince of Wales, Earl of Chester and Duke of Cornwall as the eldest son and heir apparent of Henry VII of England and his wife, Elizabeth of York.At the age of eleven, Arthur was formally betrothed to Catherine of Aragon, a daughter of the powerful Catholic Monarchs in Spain, in an effort to forge an Anglo-Spanish alliance against France. Arthur was well educated and, contrary to modern belief, was in good health for the majority of his life. Soon after his marriage to Catherine in 1501, the couple took up residence at Ludlow Castle in Shropshire, where Arthur died six months later of an unknown ailment. Catherine would later firmly state that the marriage had not been consummated.
1519 – Ferdinand Magellan sets sail from Sanlúcar de Barrameda with about 270 men on his expedition to circumnavigate the globe.
1530 - Luther advises protestant monarch compromise
1561-Queen Elizabeth I signs a treaty at Hampton Court with French Huguenot leader Louis de Bourbon, the Prince of Conde. The English will occupy Le Harve in return for aiding Bourbon against the Catholics of France.
1565-Pedro Menendez of Spain wipes out the French at Fort Caroline, in Florida.
1586 – Death of John Ballard, English priest
1596 – Diego de Montemayor founds the city of Monterrey in New Spain.
21 September 1235 – Death of Andrew II of Hungary
1327 – Death of Edward II of England
1348 - Jews in Zurich Switzerland are accused of poisoning wells
1397 – Death of Richard FitzAlan, 11th Earl of Arundel, English commander
1411-Birth of Richard of York, 3rd Duke of York , was a leading English magnate, a great-grandson of King Edward III through his father and a great-great-great-grandson of that king through his mother. He inherited great estates, and served in various offices of state in France at the end of the Hundred Years' War, and in England, ultimately governing the country as Lord Protector during Henry VI's madness. His conflicts with Henry's wife, Margaret of Anjou, and other members of Henry's court, as well as his competing claim on the throne, were a leading factor in the political upheaval of mid-fifteenth-century England, and a major cause of the Wars of the Roses. Richard eventually attempted to take the throne but was dissuaded, although it was agreed that he would become King on Henry's death (being Lord Protector and Prince of Wales in the meantime.) Within a few weeks of securing this agreement, he died in battle.Although Richard never became king himself, he was the father of Edward IV and Richard III.
1435 – An agreement between Charles VII of France and Philip the Good ends the partnership between the English and Burgundy in Hundred Years' War.
1534-Anne Shelton to Henry VIII.
I have spoken with my lady Mary, as you desired, and asked her by whom she sent the letter to master Carowe. She said she sent it by her servant Randal Dod, and that lady Bryan delivered her lady Carowe's letter open, the effect of which was to desire her for the Passion of Christ in all things to follow the King's pleasure, otherwise she was utterly undone. After I had spoken with my lady Mary I went to my lady Bryan, and she affirmed what was said to be true. Hunsdon. this Sunday, at 8 o'clock in the evening.
1534-Queen Anne Boleyn.
.“The confession of John Browne before John Goff, warden of the town of Henley-upon-Thames in the county of Oxford, John Aysheby and Richard Massam, late wardens of the same, John Loveles, gent, Thomas Leuez, understeward of the same, and other the officers, bothe bayllys and constabulls of the same,” on St. Matthew's day 26 Henry VIII., to the effect that on the Thursday after Ashwednesday last, Browne's wife “toke her wey to Redyng to fett the money of a kyrtyll that sche sold to oon Thomas Fen, a laborer,” when she was apprehended and set in the cage, “wherefor the said John Browne knowit not.” Browne stood behind the cage and heard his wife say “that she would knele be fore quene Anne to schowe of her wronggs;” to which Thomas Evered, the mayor of Redyng, replied, “It forced not and quene Anne were by her and the cage were afyre, so he dyd make anue;” which words were spoken in the presence of Watur Barton, gent., Ric. Turner, late mayor of the same, and the constables of the same, as the said John Browne doth say. And on the morrow the said John Browne was newly examynyd, “and the said John saiyeth nothing but that his wyff scholde go forth of Henley to Reding on the Wenysday, wherefore said it was the Thurysday or ells the premiss to be true.”
1558 – Death of Charles V, Holy Roman Emperor . He was ruler of the Holy Roman Empire from 1519 and, as Charles I, of the Spanish Empire from 1516 until his voluntary abdication in favor of his younger brother Ferdinand I as Holy Roman Emperor and his son Philip II as King of Spain in 1556.On 10 March 1526, Charles married his first cousin Isabella of Portugal, sister of John III of Portugal, in Seville.Their children included:Philip II of Spain ,Maria of Austria and Joanna of Austria
1578 – Marriage of Robert Dudley, Earl of Leicester, and Lettice Knollys, widow of Walter Devereux, Earl of Essex.
1589-The Duke of Mayenne of France is defeated by Henry IV at the Battle of Arques.