• Today in Tudor History...

    26 September 1329 –Birth of  Anne of Bavaria


    Today in Tudor History...

    1493 – Pope Alexander VI issues the papal bull Dudum siquidem to the Catholic Monarchs, extending the grant of new lands he made them in Inter caetera

    Today in Tudor History...

    Dudum siquidem (Latin for "A short while ago") was a papal bull issued by Pope Alexander VI on 26 September 1493, one of the Bulls of Donation addressed to the Catholic Monarchs Isabella I of Castile and Ferdinand II of Aragon which supplemented the bull Inter caetera and purported to grant to them "all islands and mainlands whatsoever, found and to be found, discovered and to be discovered, that are or may be or may seem to be in the route of navigation or travel towards the west or south, whether they be in western parts, or in the regions of the south and east and of India"



    1535-Henry VIII. to Gardiner.

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    From experience of his wisdom and discretion the King appoints him ambassador to the French court to negotiate such articles in the treaty as shall be for the interest of the two crowns, consequent upon the friendly letters sent by Francis in his own hand by Mons. de Tyndevile, bailly of Troyes. On presenting his credentials he shall inform Francis that the King, in consideration of his faithful friendship and his desire of amity at a time when the King's proceedings have been exposed to slander, accepts his kindness; although the bishop of Rome's malicious proceedings against his Grace are no novelty, and only bring to his memory the saying of Francis at their late being together at Boulogne, that the King would find the bishops of Rome "false, untrue, and malicious." Has accordingly sent the bishop of Winchester, who is to enter into a full detail of the late occurrences, and shall declare that the King has only proceeded in such a way as becomes a Christian prince, "declaring unto him how all such reverence and orders in the Church and religion of Christ as may by any temperance be suffered be in the realm of England untouched and unmoved." He is to offer any conference of learned men to be appointed to defend what the King has done in relation to the bishop of Rome, and shall explain why the bishop of Hereford was sent to the duke of Saxony to defend the King's proceedings, as the King is resolved to defend himself in all parts against the slanders of the bishop of Rome. The said bishop of Hereford is to learn their state in religion that unity may be established. Gardiner is to do what he can to discover the real intentions of Francis, and whether his message is simulated or not, and whether he wishes to make advantage of the King's affairs for his interests with the Pope or the Emperor; and is for that purpose to communicate with Sir John Wallop. He shall endeavour to induce them to capitulate by express words, and bind them to take the King's part against the Emperor and the Pope, who has sent a brief to the French King sounding greatly to the dishonor of Henry, and summoned him not only to abandon the friendship of England, but to make war upon it whenever the Pope shall require him. And the French king shall bind himself, on a certain day specified in the treaty, to signify by his letter to the Pope that as he knows the whole progress of the King's cause, and the grounds of his separation from his first incest and unlawful matrimony to be virtuous, and his extirpation of the said Bishop's authority, he will support him against all ecclesiastical censures, any inhibition notwithstanding. If he can accomplish this, he shall get them to despatch the letters at once, and obtain leave to compose them, or see that they be correspondent to the words of the treaty. If they decline to write such letters, which he shall press by all the "means he can excogitate," he shall then with good words and countenance proceed to the following:

    —1. The King is willing to join with Francis in raising an army in France at what time he shall think meet, but will not allow his moiety of the expense to exceed 200,000 crowns. He is to see if it can be diminished.

     2. The King will contribute one-third of the expense of an army to invade Italy and recover the rights of the French in Genoa and Milan; and if the Bishop can induce them to begin the war in the Low parts the King will be content to contribute 300,000 crowns in two years, these sums to be deducted out of the pensions due to the King, in part payment. 

    3. After the treaty the French king is to take no peace with the Pope or Emperor without the King's consent.

     4. In case the Pope or the Emperor invade England Francis shall be ready to molest them. 

    5. To revise the treaties for intercourse with Flanders. 

    6. Nothing to be concluded prejudicial to former treaties.

     7. He shall tell them that the Emperor intends to secure for himself the whole monarchy of Christendom, and with that view has begun to practise with Denmark. And in urging these arguments the Bishop shall watch the French king's inward demeanour. Signed by the King.


    1533-Death of William Benet,diplomat


    1546-Prince Edward to his Sister Mary.

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    Love compels him to write to her; and even if she were not his sister he would be bound to love her for her virtue, for virtue is the loadstone of love and will never perish, but other things will quickly slip away. Was bound therefore to think of her and, having leisure, to compose a letter. Prays God to be her shield against all evil. 26 Sept. 1546.

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    1580-Sir Francis Drake returns to Plymouth, England, aboard the Golden Hind, after a 33-month voyage to circumnavigate the globe.

    Today in Tudor History...

    1588-Death of Sir Amias Paulet,English diplomat, Governor of Jersey, and the gaoler for a period of Mary, Queen of Scots.


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