Today in Tudor History...
02 October 1452 – Birth of Richard III at Fotheringhay Castle, Northamptonshire
1470 – A rebellion organised by Richard Neville, 16th Earl of Warwick forces King Edward IV of England to flee to the Netherlands, restoring Henry VI to the throne.
1470 - Birth of Isabella of Aragon, Duchess of Milan,she was the daughter of King Alfonso II of Naples and Ippolita Maria Sforza. From 1489 to 1494, she was the Duchess consort of Milan, and from 1499 to 1524 the suo jure Duchess of Bari and Princess of Rossano. After her brother Ferdinand II's death, she was the heir of the Brienne claim to the title King of Jerusalem.
1492 - King Henry VII of England invades France
1501 – Catherine of Aragon arrived in England, landing at Plymouth in Devon
1514 – Mary Tudor, sister of Henry VIII, set off from Dover to sail to France to marry King Louis XII
1518 – Treaty of London
The Treaty of London in 1518 was a non-aggression pact between the major European nations. The signatories were France, England, Holy Roman Empire, the Papacy, Spain, Burgundy and the Netherlands, all of whom agreed not to attack one another and to come to the aid of any that were under attack.The treaty was designed by Cardinal Wolsey and so came to be signed by the ambassadors of the nations concerned in London.It was a response to the rising power of the Ottoman empire which was encroaching into the Balkans.
1521 – Pope Leo X was given Henry VIII’s “Assertio septem sacramentorum” or “Defence of the Seven Sacraments”
The Defence of the Seven Sacraments (in Latin, Assertio Septem Sacramentorum) is a theological treatise written by King Henry VIII of England in 1521.
,Henry started to write it in 1519 while he was reading Martin Luther's attack on indulgences. By June of that year, he had shown it to Thomas Wolsey, but it remained private until three years later, when the earlier manuscript became the first two chapters of the Assertio, the rest consisting of new material relating to Luther's De Captivitate Babylonica. It is believed that Thomas More was involved in the composition of the piece.
Author J. J. Scarisbrick describes the work as "one of the most successful pieces of Catholic polemics produced by the first generation of anti-Protestant writers." It went through some twenty editions in the sixteenth century and, as early as 1522, had appeared in two different German translations.
It was dedicated to Pope Leo X, who rewarded Henry with the title Fidei Defensor (Defender of the Faith) in October 1521 (a title revoked following the king's break with the Catholic Church, but re-awarded to his heir by the English Parliament).
Luther's reply to the Assertio was, in turn, replied to by Thomas More, who was one of the leaders of the Catholic humanist party in England.
1528 – Publication of William Tyndale’s “The Obedience of the Christian Man and How Christian Rulers Ought to Govern”
1529-Queen Catherine to Charles V
There came hither with Campeggio a doctor of law, a native of Barcelona, who has been 30 years in the Rota of Rome, and lost everything he had when Bourbon entered the city, so that even now he is in great poverty. Requests Charles to give him some preferment in Naples. Windsor, 2 Oct.
1530-Queen Catherine to Charles V
In behalf of a doctor of law, a subject of the Emperor, native of Barcelona, who came to England with card. Campeggio. He was more than thirty years an officer in the Rota of Rome, and lost everything when the Spaniards entered the city. Windsor, 2 Oct.
1535 – Jacques Cartier discovers the area where Montreal is located.
1536 – Start of the Lincolnshire Rising, which turned into the Pilgrimage of Grace
1538 – Birth of Charles Borromeo, Italian cardinal and saint
1552 – Conquest of Kazan by Ivan the Terrible.
1586 - Battle at Zutphen