Today in Tudor History...
09 October 1390 – Death of John I of Castile
1514 – Marriage of Louis XII of France and Mary Tudor.
1529-Wolsey to Henry VIII
Though I daily cry to you for mercy, I beseech that you will not think it proceeds from any mistrust I have in your goodness, nor that I would molest you by my importunate suit. The same comes of my ardent desire, that, next unto God, I covet nothing so much in this world as your favor and forgiveness. The remembrance of my folly, with the sharp sword of your displeasure, have so penetrated my heart that I cannot but say, Sufficit; nunc contine, piissime Rex, manum tuam, &c. Beati misericordes, quoniam ipsi misericordiam consequentur; which, that I may obtain, I shall not cease to pray as your most prostrate poor chaplain, "T. Carlis Ebor., miserimus."
1555 – Death of Justus Jonas, German religious reformer
1573 – Death of Sir Thomas Wroth, courtier, politician and landowner
1581 – Birth of Claude Gaspard Bachet de Méziriac, French mathematician, poet, and scholar
1581 – Death of Louis Bertrand, Spanish missionary and saint
1586 – Birth of Leopold V, Archduke of Austria
1595 - The Spanish army captures Cambrai.
10 October 1471 – Battle of Brunkeberg in Stockholm: Sten Sture the Elder, the Regent of Sweden, with the help of farmers and miners, repels an attack by Christian I, King of Denmark.
1514-Mary,Queen of France to Henry VIII
Marvels she has not heard from him since her departure. She is now left "post alone." "On the morn next after my marriage my chamberlain, with all other men servants, were discharged, [an]d likewise my mother Guldeford, with other my women and maidens, except such as never had experience nor knowledge how to advertise or give me counsel in any time of need, which is to be feared more shortly than your grace thought at the time of my departing, as my mother Guldeford can more plainly show your grace than I can write." Begs credence for her, and desires her return. "I marvel much that my Lord of Norfolk wold at all times so lightly grant everything at their requests here. I am well assured that when ye know the truth of everything, as my mother Guldeford can show you, ye wold full little have thought I should have been thus intreated, that would God my Lord of Zorke had come with me in the room of my Lord of Norfolk, for [the]n am I sure I should have been left much more at my heart's [ease] than I am now" ,Abbevile
Mary,Queen of France to Wolsey
Complains of her servants having been discharged the morning after her marriage; among the rest her "mother Guldeford," whom the King and Wolsey advised her always to consult. No attention was paid to Mary's urgent request that she should remain. Has many other discomforts besides. Begs Wolsey will find the means to have her sent back. "I had as lief lose the winning I shall have in France as to lose her counsel when I shall lack it; which is not like long to be required, as I am sure the noblemen and gentlemen can show you more than becometh me to write in this matter." Is dissatisfied with Norfolk.
1530 – Death of Thomas Grey, 2nd Marquess of Dorset.He was an English peer, courtier, soldier and landowner, the grandfather of Lady Jane Grey, briefly Queen of England.
1535-Catherine of Aragon to Charles V
Thanks God for his Majesty's great victory and that he has arrived in Italy in safety. Hopes now that he will be able to put an end to her troubles and devise some remedy with the Pope for the things attempted against the Church, which she does not particularise, because the Emperor knows them well; for if it be delayed, and God in his mercy do not help, they will do with her and her daughter what they have done with many holy martyrs. The Emperor must not think this feigned, because, as she writes to his Holiness, she has much comfort in the hope of following them in death whom she could not imitate in life, as their lives were ecclesiastical and hers mundane. And although she is informed her daughter is in greater danger, has nothing more to say than that she recommends herself to God and to his Majesty. Begs him to remember this kingdom, the King her lord, her daughter, and the souls that will be damned for want of remedy and the innocents who suffer. The Emperor is much bound to the ambassador here for the trouble he has taken about her and her daughter. Begs him to remember his services in such a way that he shall see the Queen is not ungrateful. For the rest refers to his letters. Kimbolton, 10 Oct.
Catherine of Aragon to Paul III
Has forborne to write to his Holiness as her letters are full of complaints, although not without scruple, as matters in this kingdom require greater diligence. For one thing, however, she gives thanks to Christ for having given Christendom such a vicar in a time of so great necessity. Begs him to have special consideration for this kingdom, for the King her husband, and her daughter; for, if a remedy be not applied with all speed, there will be no end to the loss of souls or to the making of martyrs. The good will be constant and suffer, the lukewarm perhaps fall away, and the rest stray like sheep without a shepherd. Writes to his Holiness plainly for discharge of her conscience as one who expects death along with her daughter. Has some comfort to think she will follow those holy men in their sufferings, though she grieves that she cannot imitate their lives. Kimbolton, 10 Oct. 1535.
1549 - Edward Seymour, Lord Protector was imprisoned
1567 – Birth of Infanta Catherine Michelle of Spain,the youngest surviving daughter of Philip II of Spain and Elisabeth of Valois
1575 – Battle of Dormans: Roman Catholic forces under Duke Henry of Guise defeat the Protestants, capturing Philippe de Mornay among others.
1580 – Over 600 Papal soldiers land at Dún an Óir, Ireland to support a rebellion.