Today in Tudor History....
24 December 1500 – A joint Venetian–Spanish fleet captures the Castle of St. George on the island of Cephalonia.
1515 - Cardinal Thomas Wolsey became Lord Chancellor
1541-At London, December.:—Jane Rattsey, examined of her words to Eliz. Bassett, viz.: “What if God worketh this work to make the lady Anne of Cleves queen again?” says it was an idle saying suggested by Bassett's praising the lady Anne and dispraising the Queen that now is. Never spoke at any other time of the lady Anne, and she thinks the King's divorce from her good. Examined why she said, “What a man is the King! How many wives will he have?” She said it upon the sudden tidings declared to her by Bassett, when she was sorry for the change and knew not so much as she knows now.
1545 – Henry VIII made his final speech to Parliament
The King's speech in Parliament, 24 Dec. 1545.
His chancellors have heretofore well answered such orations as have been set forth in this high court of Parliament but could not so plainly express his meaning as he himself can. Answers "your eloquent oration, Master Speaker," that he thanks his "well beloved Commons" for their praises, and for their consideration of his great charges in their defence, and in the conquest of "that fortress which was to this realm most displeasant and noisome," and which, he hopes, will hereafter become to this nation "most profitable and pleasant." As one who sets more by their loving hearts than by their substance, cannot but take well their free grant of "a certain subsidy here in an Act specified"; and rejoice at their trust in him when, without his request, they commit to his order "all chantries, colleges, hospitals and other places specified in a certain Act." They may be sure that he will not suffer the "ministres" of the Church to decay, or learning to be minished, or the poor to be unrelieved.
There is one thing, however, which they must take pains to amend, and that is their want of charity. Cites St. Paul, Cor. xiii. One calls another heretic and anabaptist, and he replies Papist, hypocrite, Pharisee. This is partly the fault of you, fathers and preachers of the Spiritualty, some too stiff in their old mumpsinius, some too busy and curious in their new sumpsimus, so that few preach truly the Word of God. Amend those crimes, and set forth God's word by true preaching and good example, "or else I, whom God has appointed his Vicar and high minister here, will see these divisions extinct." But you of the temporalty are not clean from malice and envy, for you rail on bishops and preachers, whereas if you know anyone to preach perverse doctrine you should inform our Council or us, whose office it is to reform such behaviour. They are permitted to have the Word of God in their mother tongue, but only to inform themselves and instruct their children, not that they may make Scripture a taunting stock against priests and preachers. I am sorry to hear "how unreverently that most precious jewel, the Word of God, is disputed, rhymed, sung and jangled in every alehouse and tavern," and that the readers of it follow it so faintly and coldly. I am sure there never was less virtuous or godly living, nor God himself ever, amongst Christians, less reverenced. As to the laws now made, exhorts them, the makers, to put them diligently in execution.
The King then said that such acts as had passed both Houses should be read. "Then they were openly read, and to many his Grace assented, and divers he assented not unto."
Petre to Paget.
This morning, being Christmas Even, 24 Dec., Parliament was prorogued until 4 Nov. next, by the King in person. After hearing the proposition of the Speaker, a great piece of which consisted in laud of his Highness, the King required my lord Chancellor, whose office has ever been to make answer for the King, to permit him to answer himself; and did so with a gravity, "so sententiously, so kingly, or rather fatherly, as peradventure to you that hath been used to his daily talks should have been no great wonder (and yet saw I some that hear him often enough largely water their plants), but to us, that have not heard him often, was such a joy and marvellous comfort as I reckon this day one of the happiest of my life." Gives a long summary of the speech in which the King exhorted his people to more charity towards one another. Encloses bill of the Acts passed. "The bill of books, albeit it was at the beginning set earnestly forward, is finally dashed in the Common House, as are divers others, whereat I hear no[t] that his Mate is much miscontented. The book of colleges, &c., escaped narrowly and was driven [over] to the last hour, and yet then passed only by division of the house.
"The Spaniard who lately was at Callais, who sumt[yme] nameth himself Don Pedro de la Cueva, and sum[tyme] Don Pedro de Pacheco, upon certain suspicions, asw[ell] for that his letters of recommendation from the [duke of] Alberquerq are undoubtedly counterfeit, but speci[ally] for that Berteville hath disclosed that he was a spy for the French king at Landresey, is sequestered to the keeping of Sir Arthur Darcy until word may be had from th'Emperor's Court of what sort [he is].
"The safeconduct men have most heartily procured me to send to you their letters herein enclosed. If you help them, in mine opinion, you shall do a charitable deed. The men have had great losses, and have, as you know, once compounded besides the first towne, and Emer[son] being yet in France, and now comen to an end of his business, if the safeconduct be not continued, cannot bring his goods from thence. Thus much I was prayed to write to you and to desire you further, in case you mind to do them any good, to remember that New Year's day is the last day."
A kinsman of my wife's, named Nicholas [Waf]erour, has prayed me to be a suitor for him, as appears by the enclosed bill. I know not the man, but know a factor of his in London who is honest and substantial. London, 24 Dec. 1545.
1588 – Birth of Constance of Austria