Today in Tudor History...
5 January 1367 – Birth of Richard II of England
1387 –Death of Peter IV of Aragon
1412 –Birth of Joan of Arc
1492 – The Catholic Monarchs Ferdinand and Isabella enter Granada, completing the Reconquista.
1537 –Death of Alessandro de' Medici, Duke of Florence
1538-Birth of Jane Dormer, Duchess of Feria and lady-in-waiting to Mary I who, after the Queen's death, married Gómez Suárez de Figueroa y Córdoba, 1st Duke of Feria and went to live in Spain.
1540 – Wedding of King Henry VIII and Anne of Cleves.
1579 – The Union of Arras is signed.
The Union of Arras (Dutch: Unie van Atrecht, Spanish: Unión de Arrás) was an accord signed on 6 January 1579 in Arras (Atrecht), under which the southern states of the Netherlands, today in Wallonia and the Nord-Pas-de-Calais (and Picardy) régions in France and Belgium, expressed their loyalty to the Spanish king Philip II and recognized his Governor-General, Don Juan of Austria. It is to be distinguished from the Union of Utrecht, signed later in the same month.
These were the conditions:
There should be no more garrisons of foreign troops;
The Council of State should be organized like that of the time of Charles V;
Two thirds of the council members should be installed by all member states consenting.
All privileges that were in force before the Dutch Revolt should be reinstated.
Catholicism was the only religion. Any other religion (i.e. Calvinism) should be abolished.
The regions that signed it were:
County of Hainaut
County of Artois
Lille, Douai and Orchies (Lilloise Flanders)
Bishopric of Cambrai
The regions that favored the Union, but did not sign it, were
County of Namur,
County of Luxembourg,
Duchy of Limburg.
Alexander Farnese, the Duke of Parma, used these counties as a base to start his conquest of the separatist parts (members of the Union of Utrecht).