• Today in Tudor history...

    2 June 1418-Death of Catherine of Lancaster,Queen of Castile as the wife of King Henry III of Castile.

    Queen Catherine was the daughter of John of Gaunt, 1st Duke of Lancaster, and his second wife, Constance of Castile (the daughter and heir of King Peter of Castile, who died at the hands of his half brother Henry II). 


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    1510-Birth of Lady Mary Brandon, Baroness Monteagle.She was an English noblewoman, and the daughter of Charles Brandon, 1st Duke of Suffolk, by his second wife, Anne Browne. Mary was the wife of Thomas Stanley, 2nd Baron Monteagle, by whom she had six children.Mary Brandon was a lady-in-waiting to Queen consort Jane Seymour


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    1533-Coronation Of Anne Boleyn.

    Narrative of the entry and coronation of Anne Boleyn, queen of England, at London, 2 June 1533.

    The Queen left Greenwich on Thursday, about four o'clock in the afternoon, in a "barque raze," like a brigantine, which was painted with her colours outside, with many banners. Her ladies attended her. She was accompanied by 100 or 120 similar vessels, also garnished with banners and standards. They were fitted out with small masts, to which was attached a great quantity of rigging, as on large ships ; the rigging being adorned with small flags of taffeta, and, by the writer's advice, with "or clinquant," as it reflects the sun's rays. There were many drums, trumpets, flutes, and hantbois. They arrived in less than half an hour at the Tower of London, where the cannon fired a salute. It was a very beautiful sight ; for, besides the vessels, there were more than 200 small boats, which brought up the near. The whole river was covered. On Friday the Queen did not leave her lodging. On Saturday, about five o'clock in the afternoon, in her royal dresses, which are of the same fashion as those of France, she mounted a litter covered inside and out with white satin. Over her was borne a canopy of cloth of gold. Then followed twelve ladies on hackneys, all clothed in cloth of gold. Next came a chariot covered with the same cloth, and containing only the duchess of Norfolk, step-mother of the Duke, and the Queen's mother. Next, twelve young ladies on horseback, arrayed in crimson velvet. Next, three gilded coaches, in which were many young ladies ; and, lastly, twenty or thirty others on horseback, in black velvet. Around the litter were the duke of Suffolk, that day Constable, and my lord William  [Howard], who was Great Marshal and Great Chamberlain,—a hereditary office,—in place of his brother the duke of Norfolk. Before them marched two men, called esquires, who wore bonnets furred with ermines, somewhat like the chief usher of Paris. Then came the French ambassador, accompanied by the archbishop of Canterbury ; then the Venetian ambassador, accompanied by the Chancellor ; then many bishops, and the rest of the great lords and gentlemen of the realm, to the number of 200 or 300. Before all, marched the French merchants, in violet velvet, [each] wearing one sleeve of the Queen's colours ; their horses being caparisoned in violet taffeta with white crosses. In all open places (carrefours) were scaffolds, on which mysteries were played ; and fountains poured forth wine. Along the streets all the merchants were stationed. The Queen alighted in a great hall, in which was a high place, where she partook of wine, and then retired to her chamber.

    On Sunday morning, accompanied by all the said lords and gentlemen, she went on foot from her lodging to the church, the whole of the road being covered with cloth, and being about the length of the garden of Chantilly. All the bishops and abbots went to meet her, and conducted her to the church. After hearing mass, she mounted upon a platform before the great altar, covered with red cloth. The place where she was seated, which was elevated on two steps, was covered with tapestry. She remained there during the service, after being crowned by the archbishop of Canterbury, who delivered the crown to her, and consecrated her in front of the high altar. That day the duke of Suffolk was Grand Master, and constantly stood near the Queen with a large white rod in his hand. My lord William and the Great Chamberlain were also near her. Behind her were many ladies, duchesses, and countesses, attired in scarlet, in cloaks furred with ermines —such as are usually worn by duchesses and countesses,—and in bonnets. The dukes, earls, and knights were likewise clothed in scarlet robes, furred with ermines, like the first presidents of Paris, with their hoods. The coronation over, the Queen was led back again with the same company as she came, excepting some bishops, into a great hall, which had been prepared for her to dine in. The table was very long, and the Archbishop was seated a considerable distance from her. She had at her feet two ladies, seated under the table to serve her secretly with what she might need ; and two others near her, one on each side, often raised a great linen cloth to hide her from view, when she wished "s'ayser en quelque chose." Her dinner lasted a long time, and was very honorably served. Around her was an inclosure, into which none entered but those deputed to serve, who were the greatest personages of the realm, and chiefly those who served "de sommelliers d'eschançonnerie et panetrie." The hall being very large, and good order kept, there was no crowding. Beneath the inclosure were four great tables, extending the length of the hall. At the first were seated those of the realm who have charge of the doors ; below them, at the same table, were many gentlemen ; at the second table, the archbishops, bishops, the Chancellor, and many lords and knights. The two other tables were at the other side of the hall : "à celle du hault bout" was the mayor of London, accompanied by the sheriffs ; at the other were duchesses, countesses, and ladies. The duke of Suffolk was gorgeously arrayed with many stones and pearls, and rode up and down the hall and around the tables, upon a courser caparisoned in crimson velvet ; as also did my lord William, who presided over the serving, and kept order : they were always bareheaded, as you know is the custom of this country. The King stationed himself in a place which he had had made, and from which he could see without being seen ; the ambassadors of France and Venice were with him. At the hall door were conduits pouring out wine ; and there were kitchens to give viands to all comers, the consumption of which was enormous. Trumpets and hautbois sounded at each course, and heralds cried "largesse." Next day a tourney took place, eight against eight, and every one ran six courses. My lord William led one band, and Master Carew, the grand esquire, the other.


    Extracts from a manuscript account unfavorable to Anne. Though it was customary to kneel, uncover, and cry "God save the King, God save the Queen," whenever they appeared in public, no one in London or the suburbs, not even women and children, did so on this occasion. One of the Queen's servants told the mayor to command the people to make the customary shouts, and was answered that he could not command people's hearts, and that even the King could not make them do so. Her fool, who has been to Jerusalem and speaks several languages, seeing the little honor they showed to her, cried out, "I think you have all scurvy heads, and dare not uncover." Her dress was covered with tongues pierced with nails, to show the treatment which those who spoke against her might expect. Her car was so low that the ears of the last mule appeared to those who stood behind to belong to her. The letters H. A. were painted in several places, for Henry and Anne, but were laughed at by many. The crown became her very ill, and a wart disfigured her very much. She wore a violet velvet mantle, with a high ruff (goulgiel) of gold thread and pearls, which concealed a swelling she has, resembling goître. She was crowned by Cranmer, who is called "one of the judges of Susanna," and "le pape patriarche." Eighteen knights of the Bath were created. The presents to the various officers of the court cost them 200l. The duchess of Norfolk, daughter of the duke of Buckingham, would not appear at the ceremony, from the love she bore to the previous Queen, although she was Anne's aunt. The French ambassador and his suite were insulted by the people, who called him "Orson queneve, France dogue" (whoreson knave, French dog)


    From a catalogue of papers at Brussels, now lost.

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    1535-Birth of  Leo XI

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    1536 - Jane Seymour’s first appearance as Queen.

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    1537 - Executions of rebels Sir Francis Bigod, George Lumley and Sir Thomas Percy after Bigod’s Rebellion.Bigod's Rebellion of January 1537 was an armed rebellion by English Roman Catholics in Cumberland and Westmorland against King Henry VIII of England and the English Parliament. It was led by Sir Francis Bigod, of Settrington in the North Riding of Yorkshire.


    1538-Hutton to Wriothesley.

    Copy of a letter of the same date to Cromwell sent by the bearer, as follows:—

    Received, 31 May his Lordship's letters dated the 26th. The Queen was then with the duchess of Milan in the forest of Soin. On their return to Court repaired thither. Describes his interview with the Queen. Said it was much marvelled at that the Emperor, who had made the first overtures touching the duchess of Milan, had now become so cold, that his ambassadors in England had no instructions to conclude anything, and that he (Hutton) was sorry for it, as he had hoped that such an alliance would revive the old friendship between England and the house of Burgundy. Asked her to use her influence. She said she would write to the Emperor about it, and knew no reason for his slackness unless it were his much business for this meeting. It was then about six o'clock, and the Queen departed to supper, and Hutton to his lodging. Thither came lord Benedik Court, one of the chief about the Duchess, to sup with him, and asked whether Hutton had brought the Queen any good news concerning the Duchess, saying that he prayed God he might live to see her bestowed upon the King, but there was one doubt in the matter. Asked what that was. He said as the Duchess was near kinswoman to the lady Katharine, whom the King had married, the Pope's dispensation was necessary. Replied that he did not know what might be the bishop of Rome's laws, but he was sure the King would do nothing against God's laws. Thanks for his exhortation to spare no expenses, and indeed the custom here is for lords and gentlemen to come to dinner and supper unbidden. Wrote asking his Lordship to write to John de la Dique, a procurar in the Chancery of Brabant, who has certain books and writings of Mr. Hacket's, to deliver them to Hutton; which he promises to do upon Cromwell's letter. They will be very useful to Hutton. Has wasted nothing in gaming or the like, but has spent all that he has spent to the King's honour.


    1546-Prince Edward to Henry VIII.

    Has not written for a long time because, seeing the King much troubled (perturbari) with warlike affairs, he scrupled to trouble him with childish letters. But now, since the mind after long labour seeks recreation, he hopes that they will prove a recreation rather than a trouble. As the King is a loving and kind father, and he hopes to be an obedient son, he thinks that they will be taken in good part. Desires his Majesty's blessing, and wishes him a good issue in all his affairs. Hunsdon, 2 June 1546.


    Today in Tudor history...

    1553 - King Edward gives approval to Cranmer's 42 Articles of Faith


    1572-Execution of Thomas Howard, 4th Duke of Norfolk.He was the son of the poet Henry Howard, Earl of Surrey. He was taught as a child by John Foxe, the Protestant martyrologist, who remained a lifelong recipient of Norfolk's patronage. His father predeceased his grandfather, so Norfolk inherited the Dukedom of Norfolk upon the death of his grandfather, Thomas Howard, 3rd Duke of Norfolk in 1554.He was the second cousin of Queen Elizabeth I through her maternal grandmother, Lady Elizabeth Howard.

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    1581-Execution of James Douglas, 4th Earl of Morton He was the last of the four regents of Scotland during the minority of King James VI. He was in some ways the most successful of the four, since he won the civil war that had been dragging on with the supporters of the exiled Mary, Queen of Scots. However, he came to an unfortunate end, executed by means of the Maiden, a primitive guillotine, which he himself was said to have introduced to Scotland.

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